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Proceedings Paper

Gold nanoparticle-cell labeling methodology for tracking stem cells within the brain
Author(s): Oshra Betzer; Rinat Meir; Menachem Motiei; Gal Yadid; Rachela Popovtzer
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Paper Abstract

Cell therapy provides a promising approach for diseases and injuries that conventional therapies cannot cure effectively. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can be used as effective targeted therapy, as they exhibit homing capabilities to sites of injury and inflammation, exert anti-inflammatory effects, and can differentiate in order to regenerate damaged tissue. Despite the potential efficacy of cell therapy, applying cell-based therapy in clinical practice is very challenging; there is a need to uncover the mystery regarding the fate of the transplanted cells. Therefore, in this study, we developed a method for longitudinal and quantitative in vivo cell tracking, based on the superior visualization abilities of classical X-ray computed tomography (CT), and combined with gold nanoparticles as labeling agents. We applied this technique for non-invasive imaging of MSCs transplanted in a rat model for depression, a highly prevalent and disabling neuropsychiatric disorder lacking effective treatment. Our results, which demonstrate that cell migration could be detected as early as 24 hours and up to one month post-transplantation, revealed that MSCs specifically navigated and homed to distinct depression related brain regions. This research further reveals that cell therapy is a beneficial approach for treating neuropsychiatric disorders; Behavioral manifestations of core symptoms of depressive behavior, were significantly attenuated following treatment. We expect This CT-based technique to lead to a significant enhancement in cellular therapy both for basic research and clinical applications of brain pathologies.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 February 2017
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 10077, Nanoscale Imaging, Sensing, and Actuation for Biomedical Applications XIV, 100771F (22 February 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2250512
Show Author Affiliations
Oshra Betzer, Bar-Ilan Univ. (Israel)
Rinat Meir, Bar-Ilan Univ. (Israel)
Menachem Motiei, Bar-Ilan Univ. (Israel)
Gal Yadid, Bar-Ilan Univ. (Israel)
Rachela Popovtzer, Bar-Ilan Univ. (Israel)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10077:
Nanoscale Imaging, Sensing, and Actuation for Biomedical Applications XIV
Alexander N. Cartwright; Dan V. Nicolau; Dror Fixler, Editor(s)

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