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Proceedings Paper

Planning acetabular fracture reduction using patient-specific multibody simulation of the hip
Author(s): Hadrien Oliveri; Mehdi Boudissa; Jerome Tonetti; Matthieu Chabanas
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Paper Abstract

Acetabular fractures are a challenge in orthopedic surgery. Computer-aided solutions were proposed to segment bone fragments, simulate the fracture reduction or design the osteosynthesis fixation plates. This paper addresses the simulation part, which is usually carried out by freely moving bone fragments with six degrees of freedom to reproduce the pre-fracture state. Instead we propose a different paradigm, closer to actual surgeon's requirements: to simulate the surgical procedure itself rather than the desired result. A simple, patient-specific, biomechanical multibody model is proposed, integrating the main ligaments and muscles of the hip joint while accounting for contacts between bone fragments. Main surgical tools and actions can be simulated, such as clamps, Schanz screws or traction of the femur. Simulations are computed interactively, which enables clinicians to evaluate different strategies for an optimal surgical planning. Six retrospective cases were studied, with simple and complex fracture patterns. After interactively building the models from preoperative CT, gestures from the surgical reports were reproduced. Results of the simulations could then be compared with postoperative CT data. A qualitative study shows the model behavior is excellent and the simulated reductions fit the observed data. A more quantitative analysis is currently being completed. Two cases are particularly significant, for which the surgical reduction actually failed. Simulations show it was indeed not possible to reduce these fractures with the chosen approach. Had our simulator being used, a better planning may have avoided a second surgery to these patients.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 March 2017
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 10135, Medical Imaging 2017: Image-Guided Procedures, Robotic Interventions, and Modeling, 101352P (3 March 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2250380
Show Author Affiliations
Hadrien Oliveri, TIMC-IMAG, CNRS, Univ. Grenoble Alpes (France)
Mehdi Boudissa, TIMC-IMAG, CNRS, Univ. Grenoble Alpes (France)
Grenoble Alpes Univ. Hospital (France)
Jerome Tonetti, TIMC-IMAG, CNRS, Univ. Grenoble Alpes (France)
Grenoble Alpes Univ. Hospital (France)
Matthieu Chabanas, TIMC-IMAG, CNRS, Univ. Grenoble Alpes (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10135:
Medical Imaging 2017: Image-Guided Procedures, Robotic Interventions, and Modeling
Robert J. Webster III; Baowei Fei, Editor(s)

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