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Proceedings Paper

Novelty detection for breast cancer image classification
Author(s): Pawel Cichosz; Dariusz Jagodziński; Mateusz Matysiewicz; Łukasz Neumann; Robert M. Nowak; Rafał Okuniewski; Witold Oleszkiewicz
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Paper Abstract

Using classification learning algorithms for medical applications may require not only refined model creation techniques and careful unbiased model evaluation, but also detecting the risk of misclassification at the time of model application. This is addressed by novelty detection, which identifies instances for which the training set is not sufficiently representative and for which it may be safer to restrain from classification and request a human expert diagnosis. The paper investigates two techniques for isolated instance identification, based on clustering and one-class support vector machines, which represent two different approaches to multidimensional outlier detection. The prediction quality for isolated instances in breast cancer image data is evaluated using the random forest algorithm and found to be substantially inferior to the prediction quality for non-isolated instances. Each of the two techniques is then used to create a novelty detection model which can be combined with a classification model and used at the time of prediction to detect instances for which the latter cannot be reliably applied. Novelty detection is demonstrated to improve random forest prediction quality and argued to deserve further investigation in medical applications.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 September 2016
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 10031, Photonics Applications in Astronomy, Communications, Industry, and High-Energy Physics Experiments 2016, 1003135 (28 September 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2249183
Show Author Affiliations
Pawel Cichosz, Warsaw Univ. of Technology (Poland)
Dariusz Jagodziński, Warsaw Univ. of Technology (Poland)
Mateusz Matysiewicz, Warsaw Univ. of Technology (Poland)
Łukasz Neumann, Warsaw Univ. of Technology (Poland)
Robert M. Nowak, Warsaw Univ. of Technology (Poland)
Rafał Okuniewski, Warsaw Univ. of Technology (Poland)
Witold Oleszkiewicz, Warsaw Univ. of Technology (Poland)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10031:
Photonics Applications in Astronomy, Communications, Industry, and High-Energy Physics Experiments 2016
Ryszard S. Romaniuk, Editor(s)

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