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Proceedings Paper

Simulation of heating by optical absorption in nanoparticle dispersions (Conference Presentation)
Author(s): Benjamin C. Olbricht

Paper Abstract

With the proliferation of highly confined, nanophotonic waveguides and laser sources with increasing intensity, the effects of laser heating will begin to greatly impact the materials used in optical applications. In order to better understand the mechanism of laser heating, its timescales, and the dispersion of heat into the material, simulations of nanoparticles in various media are presented.

A generic model to describe a variety of nanoparticle shapes and sizes is desirable to describe complex phenomenon. These particles are dispersed into various solids, liquids, or gases depending on the application. To simulate nanoparticles and their interaction with their host material, the Finite Element Method (FEM) is used. Heat transfer following an absorption event is also described by a parabolic partial differential equation, and transient solutions are generated in response to continuous, pulsed, or modulated laser radiation.

The simplest physical system described by FEM is that of a broadly-absorbing round-shaped nanoparticle dispersed in viscous host fluid or solid. Many experimental and theoretical studies conveniently describe a very similar system: a carbon “black” nanoparticle suspended in water. This material is well-known to exhibit nonlinear behavior when a laser pulse carrying 0.7 J/cm2 is incident on the material. For this process the FEM simulations agree with experimental results to show that a pulse of this fluence is capable of heating the solvent elements adjacent to the nanoparticle to their boiling point. This creates nonlinear scattering which is empirically observed as a nonlinear decrease in the transmitted power at this input fluence.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 April 2017
PDF: 1 pages
Proc. SPIE 10093, Synthesis and Photonics of Nanoscale Materials XIV, 100930D (21 April 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2249179
Show Author Affiliations
Benjamin C. Olbricht, U.S. Army Research Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10093:
Synthesis and Photonics of Nanoscale Materials XIV
David B. Geohegan; Jan J. Dubowski; Andrei V. Kabashin, Editor(s)

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