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Proceedings Paper

Optical design study of the Wide Field Survey Telescope (WFST)
Author(s): Zheng Lou; Ming Liang; Dazhi Yao; Xianzhong Zheng; Jingquan Cheng; Hairen Wang; Wei Liu; Yuan Qian; Haibin Zhao; Ji Yang
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Paper Abstract

WFST is a proposed 2.5m wide field survey telescope intended for dedicated wide field sciences. The telescope is to operate at six wavelength bands (u, g, r, i, z, and w), spanning from 320 to 1028 nm. Designed with a field of view diameter of 3 degree and an effective aperture diameter of 2.29 m, the WFST acquires a total optical throughput over 29.3 m2deg2. With such a large throughput, WFST will survey up to 6000deg2 of the northern sky in multiple colors each night, reaching 23th magnitude for high-precision photometry and astrometry. The optical design is based on an advanced primary-focus system made up of a 2.5 m f/2.48 concave primary mirror and a primary-focus assembly (PFA) consisting of five corrector lenses, atmospheric dispersion corrector (ADC), filters, and the focal-plane instrument. For zenith angles from 0 to 60 degrees, 80% of the polychromatic diffracted energy falls within a 0.35 arcsec diameter. The optical design also highlights an enhanced transmission in the UV bands. The total optical transmission reaches 23.5% at 320 nm, allowing unique science goals in the U band. Other features include low distortion and ease of baffling against stray lights, etc. The focal-plane instrument is a 0.9 gigapixel mosaic CCD camera comprising 9 pieces of 10K×10K CCD chips. An active optics system (AOS) is used to maintain runtime image quality. Various design aspects of the WFST including the optical design, active optics, mirror supports, and the focal-plane instrument are discussed in detail.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 October 2016
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 10154, Advanced Optical Design and Manufacturing Technology and Astronomical Telescopes and Instrumentation, 101542A (19 October 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2248371
Show Author Affiliations
Zheng Lou, Purple Mountain Observatory (China)
Ming Liang, Purple Mountain Observatory (China)
Dazhi Yao, Purple Mountain Observatory (China)
Xianzhong Zheng, Purple Mountain Observatory (China)
Jingquan Cheng, Purple Mountain Observatory (China)
Hairen Wang, Purple Mountain Observatory (China)
Wei Liu, Purple Mountain Observatory (China)
Yuan Qian, Purple Mountain Observatory (China)
Haibin Zhao, Purple Mountain Observatory (China)
Ji Yang, Purple Mountain Observatory (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10154:
Advanced Optical Design and Manufacturing Technology and Astronomical Telescopes and Instrumentation
Min Xu; Ji Yang, Editor(s)

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