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Proceedings Paper

Persistent scatterers detection on synthetic aperture radar images acquired by Sentinel-1 satellite
Author(s): Cosmin Dănişor; Anca Popescu; Mihai Datcu
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Paper Abstract

Persistent Scatterers Interferometry (PS-InSAR) has become a popular method in remote sensing because of its capability to measure terrain deformations with very high accuracy. It relies on multiple Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) acquisitions, to monitor points with stable proprieties over time, called Persistent Scatterers (PS)[1]. These points are unaffected by temporal decorrelation, therefore by analyzing their interferometric phase variation we can estimate the scene’s deformation rates within a given time interval. In this work, we apply two incoherent detection algorithms to identify Persistent Scatterers candidates in the city of Focșani, Romania. The first method studies the variation of targets’ intensities along the SAR acquisitions and the second method analyzes the spectral proprieties of the scatterers. The algorithms were implemented on a dataset containing 11 complex images of the region covering Buzău, Brăila and Focșani cities. Images were acquired by Sentinel-1 satellite in a time span of 5 months, from October 2014 to February 2015. The processing chain follows the requirements imposed by the new C-band SAR images delivered by the Sentinel-1 satellite (launched in April 2014) imaging in Interferometric Wide (IW) mode. Considering the particularities of the TOPS (Terrain Observation with Progressive Scans in Azimuth) imaging mode[2], special requirements had to be considered for pre-processing steps. The PS detection algorithms were implemented in Gamma RS program, a software which contains various function packages dedicated to SAR images focalization, analysis and processing.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 December 2016
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 10010, Advanced Topics in Optoelectronics, Microelectronics, and Nanotechnologies VIII, 100100Z (14 December 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2243284
Show Author Affiliations
Cosmin Dănişor, Univ. Politehnica of Bucharest (Romania)
Anca Popescu, Univ. Politehnica of Bucharest (Romania)
Mihai Datcu, Univ. Politehnica of Bucharest (Romania)
German Aerospace Ctr. (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10010:
Advanced Topics in Optoelectronics, Microelectronics, and Nanotechnologies VIII
Marian Vladescu; Cornel T. Panait; Razvan Tamas; George Caruntu; Ionica Cristea, Editor(s)

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