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Proceedings Paper

Improved ground-based FTS measurement for column abundance CO2 retrievals (Conference Presentation)
Author(s): Tae-Young Goo

Paper Abstract

The National Institute of Meteorological Sciences has operated a ground-based Fourier Transform Spectrometer (FTS) at Anmyeondo, Korea since December 2012. Anmyeondo FTS site is a designated operational station of Total Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON) and belongs to regional Global Atmosphere Watch observatory. A Bruker IFS-125HR model, which has a significantly high spectral resolution by 0.02 cm-1, is employed and instrument specification is almost same as the TCCON configuration. such as a spectrum range of 3,800~16,000 cm-1, a resolution of 1 cm-1, InGaAs and Si-Diode detectors and CaF2 beam splitter. It is found that measured spectra have a good agreement with simulated spectra. In order to improve the spectral accuracy and stability, The Operational Automatic System for Intensity of Sunray (OASIS) has been developed. The OASIS can provide consistent photon energy optimized to detector range by controlling the diameter of solar beam reflected from the mirror of suntracker. As a result, monthly modulation efficiency (ME), which indicates the spectral accuracy of FTS measurement, has been recorded the vicinity of 99.9% since Feb 2015. The ME of 98% is regarded as the error of 0.1% in the ground-based in-situ CO2 measurement. Total column abundances of CO2 and CH4 during 2015 are estimated by using GGG v14 and compared with ground-based in-situ CO2 and CH4 measurements at the height of 86 m above sea level. The seasonality of CO2 is well captured by both FTS and in-situ measurements while there is considerable difference on the amplitude of CO2 seasonal variation due to the insensitivity of column CO2 to the surface carbon cycle dynamics in nature as well as anthropogenic sources. Total column CO2 and CH4 approximately vary from 395 ppm to 405 ppm and from 1.82 ppm to 1.88 ppm, respectively. It should be noted that few measurements obtained in July to August because of a lot of cloud and fog. It is found that enhancement of CH4 from the FTS at Anmyeondo during summer and autumn well corresponds to that from ground-based in-situ CH4 observation. The increase of methane in this period is likely due to CH4 emission from rice paddies and desalinated sea water trapped by seawall around the site.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 December 2016
PDF: 1 pages
Proc. SPIE 10001, Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere XXI, 100010O (14 December 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2241630
Show Author Affiliations
Tae-Young Goo, National Institute of Meteorological Sciences (Korea, Republic of)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10001:
Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere XXI
Adolfo Comerón; Evgueni I. Kassianov; Klaus Schäfer, Editor(s)

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