Proceedings PaperReduced graphene oxide as photocatalyst for CO2 reduction reaction (Conference Presentation)
Photocatalytic conversion of carbon dioxide (CO2) to hydrocarbons such as methanol makes possible simultaneous solar energy harvesting and CO2 reduction. Our previous work is using graphene oxide (GO) as a promising photocatalyst for photocatalytic conversion of CO2 to methanol.When using graphene oxide as photocatalyst, the photocatalytic efficiency is 4-flod higher than TiO2 powder. GO has a lot of defects on the surface and those defects make sp2 carbon structure become sp3 carbon structure. The carbon structure change cause the GO has large energy gap about 2.7 eV to 3.2 eV. In order to remove the defect and reduce the energy gap of GO, Zhao et al. try to annealing GO powder in the nitrogen atmosphere at 900oC, the GO structure can be reduced to near graphene structure. Zhu et al. do some low temperature annealing, it can control the structure and energy bandgap of GO by control annealing temperature. If the annealing temperature increase the bandgap of GO will be reduce. So, we can using this annealing process to reduce the bandgap of the GO. In the varying temperature thermal reduction process, as the temperature increases from 130oC to 170oC, the functional groups of the graphene oxide will be reduced and band gap of graphene oxide will be narrowed at same time. The characteristic of thermal reduced graphene oxide were analyzed by SEM, XRD and Raman measurements. The band position was determined by UV/Vis. The reduction of functional groups correlates to red shift in light absorption and eventual quenching in the PL signal of RGOs. Combining hydrophobicity, light harvesting and PL quench, we get the highest yield of RGO150 (0.31 μmole g-1 -cat hr-1) is 1.7-fold higher than that of GO (0.18μmole g-1 -cat hr-1). This work investigates a modified method for using a thermal reduction process to reduce the energy gap of graphene oxide.