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Proceedings Paper

Complimentary use of epicardial echo imaging and Doppler in quantification of coronary artery stenoses
Author(s): Kent L. Richards; Scott R. Cannon
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Paper Abstract

As more advanced therapeutic procedures are performed on coronary arteries during open chest surgery more advanced diagnostic procedures will be required to define the location and severity of coronary artery disease. This manuscript describes our preliminary experiences in identifying human coronary artery stenoses using epicardial two-dimensional color flow Doppler. Once the lesions were identified we used standard echo Doppler and imaging techniques to define their severity. The accuracy of stenotic cross sectional area calculated using the continuity equation and pressure gradient calculated using the Bernoulli equation were defined using a pulsatile flow model of the coronary circulation. Suggestions about further hardware development required to allow easy clinical application of this technique are described. 1 - CLINICAL NEED FOR INTRA-OPERATIVE EVAUJATION OFCORONARY ARTERIES The severity of coronary artery disease in adults who require coronary bypass surgery has changed significantly in the last ten years. More effective medications used to control angina pectoris and the wide use of percutaneous y artery angioplasty have delayed the timing of surgery until atherosclerotic involvement is more extensive. In addition patients who have had initial coronary bypass operations are now reaching ages at which atherosclerotic involvement of their bypass grafts and native vessels has progressed and reoperation is required. To meet the challenge of coronary arteries with multiple lesions or diffuse disease intraoperative angioplasty devices are being developed. Whether bypass surgery for advanced lesions or reoperation of

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 August 1990
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 1321, Modern Technologies Applied to Medical Practice, (1 August 1990); doi: 10.1117/12.22362
Show Author Affiliations
Kent L. Richards, Univ. of New Mexico School of (United States)
Scott R. Cannon, Univ. of New Mexico School of (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1321:
Modern Technologies Applied to Medical Practice
Roy F. Potter, Editor(s)

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