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Proceedings Paper

IDSAC-IUCAA digital sampler array controller
Author(s): Sabyasachi Chattopadhyay; Pravin Chordia; A. N. Ramaprakash; Mahesh P. Burse; Bhushan Joshi; Kalpesh Chillal
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Paper Abstract

In order to run the large format detector arrays and mosaics that are required by most astronomical instruments, readout electronic controllers are required which can process multiple CCD outputs simultaneously at high speeds and low noise levels. These CCD controllers need to be modular and configurable, should be able to run multiple detector types to cater to a wide variety of requirements. IUCAA Digital Sampler Array Controller (IDSAC), is a generic CCD Controller based on a fully scalable architecture which is adequately flexible and powerful enough to control a wide variety of detectors used in ground based astronomy. The controller has a modular backplane architecture that consists of Single Board Controller Cards (SBCs) and can control up to 5 CCDs (mosaic or independent). Each Single Board Controller (SBC) has all the resources to a run Single large format CCD having up to four outputs. All SBCs are identical and are easily interchangeable without needing any reconfiguration. A four channel video processor on each SBC can process up to four output CCDs with or without dummy outputs at 0.5 Megapixels/Sec/Channel with 16 bit resolution. Each SBC has a USB 2.0 interface which can be connected to a host computer via optional USB to Fibre converters. The SBC uses a reconfigurable hardware (FPGA) as a Master Controller. IDSAC offers Digital Correlated Double Sampling (DCDS) to eliminate thermal kTC noise. CDS performed in Digital domain (DCDS) has several advantages over its analog counterpart, such as - less electronics, faster readout and easier post processing. It is also flexible with sampling rate and pixel throughput while maintaining the core circuit topology intact. Noise characterization of the IDSAC CDS signal chain has been performed by analytical modelling and practical measurements. Various types of noise such as white, pink, power supply, bias etc. has been considered while creating an analytical noise model tool to predict noise of a controller system like IDSAC. Several tests are performed to measure the actual noise of IDSAC. The theoretical calculation matches very well with practical measurements within 10% accuracy.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 July 2016
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 9915, High Energy, Optical, and Infrared Detectors for Astronomy VII, 991524 (27 July 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2232477
Show Author Affiliations
Sabyasachi Chattopadhyay, Inter-Univ. Ctr. for Astronomy and Astrophysics (India)
Pravin Chordia, Inter-Univ. Ctr. for Astronomy and Astrophysics (India)
A. N. Ramaprakash, Inter-Univ. Ctr. for Astronomy and Astrophysics (India)
Mahesh P. Burse, Inter-Univ. Ctr. for Astronomy and Astrophysics (India)
Bhushan Joshi, Inter-Univ. Ctr. for Astronomy and Astrophysics (India)
Kalpesh Chillal, Inter-Univ. Ctr. for Astronomy and Astrophysics (India)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9915:
High Energy, Optical, and Infrared Detectors for Astronomy VII
Andrew D. Holland; James Beletic, Editor(s)

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