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Proceedings Paper

Anderson localization to enhance light-matter interaction (Conference Presentation)
Author(s): Pedro David Garcia

Paper Abstract

Deliberately introducing disorder in low-dimensional nanostructures like photonic crystal waveguides (PCWs) [1] or photonic crystals (PCs) [2] leads to Anderson localization where light is efficiently trapped by random multiple scattering with the lattice imperfections. These disorder-induced optical modes hace been demonstrated to be very promising for cavity-quantum electrodynamics (QED) experiments where the radiative emission rate of single quantum emitters can be controlled when tuned through resonance with one of these random cavities. Our statistical analysis of the emission dynamics from single quantum dots embeded in disordered PCWs [3] provides detailed insigth about the statistical properties of QED in these complex nanostructures. In addition, using internal light sources reveals new physics in the form of nonuniversal intensity correlations between the different scattered paths within the structure which imprint the local QED properties deep inside the complex structure onto the far-field intensity pattern [2]. Finally, increasing the optical gain in PCWs allows on-chip random nanolasing where the cavity feedback is provided by the intrinsic disorder which enables highly efficient, stable, and broadband tunable lasers with very small mode volumes [4]. The figure of merit of these disorder-induced cavities is their localization length which determines to a large degree the coupling efficiency of a quantum emitter to a disorder-induced cavity as well as the efficiency of random lasing and reveals a strongly dispersive behavior and a non-trivial dependence on disorder in PCWs [5]. [1] L. Sapienza, H. Thyrrestrup, S. Stobbe, P.D. Garcia, S. Smolka, and P. Lodahl, Science 327, 1352 (2010). [2] P. D. García, S. Stobbe, I. Soellner and P. Lodahl, Physical Review Letters 109, 253902 (2012). [3] A. Javadi, S. Maibom, L. Sapienza, H. Thyrrestrup, P.D. Garcia, and P. Lodahl, Opt. Express 22, 30992 (2014). [4] J. Liu, P. D. Garcia, S. Ek, N. Gregersen, T. Suhr, M. Schubert, J. Mørk, S. Stobbe, and P. Lodahl, Nature Nanotechnology, 9, 285 (2014). [5] P.D. Garcia, A. Javadi, and P. Lodahl, In preparation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 July 2016
PDF: 1 pages
Proc. SPIE 9885, Photonic Crystal Materials and Devices XII, 988503 (26 July 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2230567
Show Author Affiliations
Pedro David Garcia, Institut Català de Nanociència i Nanotecnologia (ICN2) (Spain)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9885:
Photonic Crystal Materials and Devices XII
Dario Gerace; Gabriel Lozano; Christelle Monat; Sergei G. Romanov, Editor(s)

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