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Proceedings Paper

Electrical investigations of hybrid OLED microcavity structures with novel encapsulation methods
Author(s): Stefan Meister; Robert Brückner; Hartmut Fröb; Karl Leo
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Paper Abstract

An electrical driven organic solid state laser is a very challenging goal which is so far well beyond reach. As a step towards realization, we monolithically implemented an Organic Light Emitting Diode (OLED) into a dielectric, high quality microcavity (MC) consisting of two Distributed Bragg Reectors (DBR). In order to account for an optimal optical operation, the OLED structure has to be adapted. Furthermore, we aim to excite the device not only electrically but optically as well. Different OLED structures with an emission layer consisting of Alq3:DCM (2 wt%) were investigated. The External Quantum Efficiencies (EQE) of this hybrid structures are in the range of 1-2 %, as expected for this material combination. Including metal layers into a MC is complicated and has a huge impact on the device performance. Using Transfer-Matrix-Algorithm (TMA) simulations, the best positions for the metal electrodes are determined. First, the electroluminescence (EL) of the adjusted OLED structure on top of a DBR is measured under nitrogen atmosphere. The modes showed quality factors of Q = 60. After the deposition of the top DBR, the EL is measured again and the quality factors increased up to Q = 600. Considering the two 25-nm-thick-silver contacts a Q-factor of 600 is very high. The realization of a suitable encapsulation method is important. Two approaches were successfully tested. The first method is based on the substitution of a DBR layer with a layer produced via Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD). The second method uses a 0.15-mm-thick cover glass glued on top of the DBR with a 0.23-μm-thick single-component glue layer. Due to the working encapsulation, it is possible to investigate the sample under ambient conditions.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 April 2016
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 9895, Organic Photonics VII, 98950B (27 April 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2228865
Show Author Affiliations
Stefan Meister, TU Dresden (Germany)
Robert Brückner, TU Dresden (Germany)
Hartmut Fröb, TU Dresden (Germany)
Karl Leo, TU Dresden (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9895:
Organic Photonics VII
David Cheyns; Pierre M. Beaujuge; Volker van Elsbergen; Jean-Charles Ribierre, Editor(s)

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