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Proceedings Paper

20 years of KVH fiber optic gyro technology: the evolution from large, low performance FOGs to compact, precise FOGs and FOG-based inertial systems
Author(s): Jay Napoli
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Paper Abstract

Precision fiber optic gyroscopes (FOGs) are critical components for an array of platforms and applications ranging from stabilization and pointing orientation of payloads and platforms to navigation and control for unmanned and autonomous systems. In addition, FOG-based inertial systems provide extremely accurate data for geo-referencing systems. Significant improvements in the performance of FOGs and FOG-based inertial systems at KVH are due, in large part, to advancements in the design and manufacture of optical fiber, as well as in manufacturing operations and signal processing. Open loop FOGs, such as those developed and manufactured by KVH Industries, offer tactical-grade performance in a robust, small package. The success of KVH FOGs and FOG-based inertial systems is due to innovations in key fields, including the development of proprietary D-shaped fiber with an elliptical core, and KVH’s unique ThinFiber. KVH continually improves its FOG manufacturing processes and signal processing, which result in improved accuracies across its entire FOG product line. KVH acquired its FOG capabilities, including its patented E•Core fiber, when the company purchased Andrew Corporation’s Fiber Optic Group in 1997. E•Core fiber is unique in that the light-guiding core – critical to the FOG’s performance - is elliptically shaped. The elliptical core produces a fiber that has low loss and high polarization-maintaining ability. In 2010, KVH developed its ThinFiber, a 170-micron diameter fiber that retains the full performance characteristics of E•Core fiber. ThinFiber has enabled the development of very compact, high-performance open-loop FOGs, which are also used in a line of FOG-based inertial measurement units and inertial navigation systems.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 May 2016
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 9852, Fiber Optic Sensors and Applications XIII, 98520A (12 May 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2228629
Show Author Affiliations
Jay Napoli, KVH Industries, Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9852:
Fiber Optic Sensors and Applications XIII
Eric Udd; Gary Pickrell; Henry H. Du, Editor(s)

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