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Proceedings Paper

A label-free optical biosensor for serotyping "unknown" influenza viruses
Author(s): Hanyuan Zhang; Carole Henry Dunand; Patrick Wilson; Benjamin L. Miller
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Paper Abstract

The ability to accurately classify influenza viruses is critical to understanding patterns of infection, vaccine efficacy, and to the process of developing new vaccines. Unfortunately, this task is hampered both by the virus’ ability to undergo antigenic drift and shift (rendering it a “previously unknown” strain), and by technological limitations. In an effort to overcome these challenges, we have developed a label-free human monoclonal antibody array for flu serology, using a pattern recognition approach to assign virus serotype. The array is built on the Arrayed Imaging Reflectometry (AIR) platform. AIR relies on the creation of a near-perfect antireflective condition on the surface of a silicon chip. When this antireflective condition is perturbed because of binding to an antibody spot (or other immobilized probe molecule), binding may be sensitively and quantitatively detected as an increase in reflected light. We describe fabrication and characterization of the array, and preliminary testing with isolated influenza hemagglutinin. We anticipate that this approach may be extended to other viruses by expansion of the array.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 May 2016
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9824, Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and Explosives (CBRNE) Sensing XVII, 982405 (12 May 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2228245
Show Author Affiliations
Hanyuan Zhang, Univ. of Rochester Medical Ctr. (United States)
Carole Henry Dunand, The Univ. of Chicago (United States)
Patrick Wilson, The Univ. of Chicago (United States)
Benjamin L. Miller, Univ. of Rochester Medical Ctr. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9824:
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and Explosives (CBRNE) Sensing XVII
Augustus Way Fountain III, Editor(s)

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