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Proceedings Paper

Using femtosecond lasers to modify sizes of gold nanoparticles
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Paper Abstract

Metallic nanoparticles are important on several scientific, medical and industrial areas. The control of nanoparticles characteristics has fundamental importance to increase the efficiency on the processes and applications in which they are employed. The metallic nanoparticles present specific surface plasmon resonances (SPR). These resonances are related with the collective oscillations of the electrons presents on the metallic nanoparticle. The SPR is determined by the potential defined by the nanoparticle size and geometry. There are several methods of producing gold nanoparticles, including the use of toxic chemical polymers. We already reported the use of natural polymers, as for example, the agar-agar, to produce metallic nanoparticles under xenon lamp irradiation. This technique is characterized as a “green” synthesis because the natural polymers are inoffensive to the environment. We report a technique to produce metallic nanoparticles and change its geometrical and dimensional characteristics using a femtosecond laser. The 1 ml initial solution was irradiate using a laser beam with 380 mW, 1 kHz and 40 nm of bandwidth centered at 800 nm. The setup uses an Acousto-optic modulator, Dazzler, to change the pulses spectral profiles by introduction of several orders of phase, resulting in different temporal energy distributions. The use of Dazzler has the objective of change the gold nanoparticles average size by the changing of temporal energy distributions of the laser pulses incident in the sample. After the laser irradiation, the gold nanoparticles average diameter were less than 15 nm.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 April 2016
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 9884, Nanophotonics VI, 988439 (21 April 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2227759
Show Author Affiliations
Thiago da Silva Cordeiro, Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares (Brazil)
Ricardo Almeida de Matos, Univ. Federal De São Paulo (Brazil)
Flávia Rodrigues de Oliveira Silva, Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares (Brazil)
Nilson Dias Vieira Jr., Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares (Brazil)
Lilia Coronato Courrol, Univ. Federal De São Paulo (Brazil)
Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares (Brazil)
Ricardo Elgul Samad, Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares (Brazil)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9884:
Nanophotonics VI
David L. Andrews; Jean-Michel Nunzi; Andreas Ostendorf, Editor(s)

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