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Proceedings Paper

Adhesive bond failure monitoring with triboluminescent optical fiber sensor
Author(s): Md Abu S. Shohag; Emily C. Hammel; David O. Olawale; Okenwa O. Okoli
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Paper Abstract

One of the most severe damage modes in modern wind turbines is the failure of the adhesive joints in the trailing edge of the large composite blades. The geometrical shape of the blade and current manufacturing techniques make the trailing edge of the wind turbine blade more sensitive to damage. Failure to timely detect this damage type may result in catastrophic failures, expensive system downtime, and high repair costs. A novel sensing system called the In-situ Triboluminescent Optical Fiber (ITOF) sensor has been proposed for monitoring the initiation and propagation of disbonds in composite adhesive joints. The ITOF sensor combines the triboluminescent property of ZnS:Mn with the many desirable features of optical fiber to provide in-situ and distributed damage sensing in large composite structures like the wind blades. Unlike other sensor systems, the ITOF sensor does not require a power source at the sensing location or for transmitting damage-induced signals to the hub of the wind turbine. Composite parts will be fabricated and the ITOF integrated within the bondline to provide in-situ and real time damage sensing. Samples of the fabricated composite parts with integrated ITOF will be subjected to tensile and flexural loads, and the response from the integrated sensors will be monitored and analyzed to characterize the performance of the ITOF sensor as a debonding damage monitoring system. In addition, C-scan and optical microscopy will be employed to gain greater insights into the damage propagation behavior and the signals received from the ITOF sensors.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 April 2016
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 9803, Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2016, 98034Y (20 April 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2223899
Show Author Affiliations
Md Abu S. Shohag, Florida State Univ. (United States)
Emily C. Hammel, Nanotechnology Patronas Group Inc. (United States)
David O. Olawale, Florida State Univ. (United States)
Nanotechnology Patronas Group Inc. (United States)
Okenwa O. Okoli, Florida State Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9803:
Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2016
Jerome P. Lynch, Editor(s)

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