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Proceedings Paper • Open Access

Neurotechnology for monitoring and restoring sensory, motor, and autonomic functions
Author(s): Pae C. Wu; Gretchen Knaack; Douglas J. Weber

Paper Abstract

The rapid and exponential advances in micro- and nanotechnologies over the last decade have enabled devices that communicate directly with the nervous system to measure and influence neural activity. Many of the earliest implementations focused on restoration of sensory and motor function, but as knowledge of physiology advances and technology continues to improve in accuracy, precision, and safety, new modes of engaging with the autonomic system herald an era of health restoration that may augment or replace many conventional pharmacotherapies. DARPA’s Biological Technologies Office is continuing to advance neurotechnology by investing in neural interface technologies that are effective, reliable, and safe for long-term use in humans. DARPA’s Hand Proprioception and Touch Interfaces (HAPTIX) program is creating a fully implantable system that interfaces with peripheral nerves in amputees to enable natural control and sensation for prosthetic limbs. Beyond standard electrode implementations, the Electrical Prescriptions (ElectRx) program is investing in innovative approaches to minimally or non-invasively interface with the peripheral nervous system using novel magnetic, optogenetic, and ultrasound-based technologies. These new mechanisms of interrogating and stimulating the peripheral nervous system are driving towards unparalleled spatiotemporal resolution, specificity and targeting, and noninvasiveness to enable chronic, human-use applications in closed-loop neuromodulation for the treatment of disease.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 May 2016
PDF: 22 pages
Proc. SPIE 9836, Micro- and Nanotechnology Sensors, Systems, and Applications VIII, 98360O (17 May 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2222967
Show Author Affiliations
Pae C. Wu, Berberian & Co. (United States)
Gretchen Knaack, Quantitative Scientific Solutions (United States)
Douglas J. Weber, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (United States)
Univ. of Pittsburgh (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9836:
Micro- and Nanotechnology Sensors, Systems, and Applications VIII
Thomas George; Achyut K. Dutta; M. Saif Islam, Editor(s)

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