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Proceedings Paper

Geospatial mapping of Antarctic coastal oasis using geographic object-based image analysis and high resolution satellite imagery
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Paper Abstract

An accurate spatial mapping and characterization of land cover features in cryospheric regions is an essential procedure for many geoscientific studies. A novel semi-automated method was devised by coupling spectral index ratios (SIRs) and geographic object-based image analysis (OBIA) to extract cryospheric geospatial information from very high resolution WorldView 2 (WV-2) satellite imagery. The present study addresses development of multiple rule sets for OBIA-based classification of WV-2 imagery to accurately extract land cover features in the Larsemann Hills, east Antarctica. Multilevel segmentation process was applied to WV-2 image to generate different sizes of geographic image objects corresponding to various land cover features with respect to scale parameter. Several SIRs were applied to geographic objects at different segmentation levels to classify land mass, man-made features, snow/ice, and water bodies. We focus on water body class to identify water areas at the image level, considering their uneven appearance on landmass and ice. The results illustrated that synergetic usage of SIRs and OBIA can provide accurate means to identify land cover classes with an overall classification accuracy of ≈97%. In conclusion, our results suggest that OBIA is a powerful tool for carrying out automatic and semiautomatic analysis for most cryospheric remote-sensing applications, and the synergetic coupling with pixel-based SIRs is found to be a superior method for mining geospatial information.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 April 2016
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 9880, Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Remote Sensing Technology, Techniques and Applications VI, 98801Q (30 April 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2222767
Show Author Affiliations
Shridhar D. Jawak, National Ctr. for Antarctic & Ocean Research (India)
Alvarinho J. Luis, National Ctr. for Antarctic & Ocean Research (India)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9880:
Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Remote Sensing Technology, Techniques and Applications VI
Allen M. Larar; Prakash Chauhan; Makoto Suzuki; Jianyu Wang, Editor(s)

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