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Proceedings Paper

Automatic lung nodule classification with radiomics approach
Author(s): Jingchen Ma; Qian Wang; Yacheng Ren; Haibo Hu; Jun Zhao
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Paper Abstract

Lung cancer is the first killer among the cancer deaths. Malignant lung nodules have extremely high mortality while some of the benign nodules don't need any treatment .Thus, the accuracy of diagnosis between benign or malignant nodules diagnosis is necessary. Notably, although currently additional invasive biopsy or second CT scan in 3 months later may help radiologists to make judgments, easier diagnosis approaches are imminently needed. In this paper, we propose a novel CAD method to distinguish the benign and malignant lung cancer from CT images directly, which can not only improve the efficiency of rumor diagnosis but also greatly decrease the pain and risk of patients in biopsy collecting process. Briefly, according to the state-of-the-art radiomics approach, 583 features were used at the first step for measurement of nodules' intensity, shape, heterogeneity and information in multi-frequencies. Further, with Random Forest method, we distinguish the benign nodules from malignant nodules by analyzing all these features. Notably, our proposed scheme was tested on all 79 CT scans with diagnosis data available in The Cancer Imaging Archive (TCIA) which contain 127 nodules and each nodule is annotated by at least one of four radiologists participating in the project. Satisfactorily, this method achieved 82.7% accuracy in classification of malignant primary lung nodules and benign nodules. We believe it would bring much value for routine lung cancer diagnosis in CT imaging and provide improvement in decision-support with much lower cost.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 April 2016
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9789, Medical Imaging 2016: PACS and Imaging Informatics: Next Generation and Innovations, 978906 (5 April 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2220768
Show Author Affiliations
Jingchen Ma, Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ. (China)
Qian Wang, Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ. (China)
Yacheng Ren, Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ. (China)
Haibo Hu, Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ. (China)
Jun Zhao, Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ. (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9789:
Medical Imaging 2016: PACS and Imaging Informatics: Next Generation and Innovations
Jianguo Zhang; Tessa S. Cook, Editor(s)

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