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Proceedings Paper

Identification of breathing cracks in a beam structure with entropy
Author(s): Buddhi Wimarshana; Nan Wu; Christine Wu
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Paper Abstract

A cantilever beam with a breathing crack is studied to detect and evaluate the crack using entropy measures. Closed cracks in engineering structures lead to proportional complexities to their vibration responses due to weak bi-linearity imposed by the crack breathing phenomenon. Entropy is a measure of system complexity and has the potential in quantifying the complexity. The weak bi-linearity in vibration signals can be amplified using wavelet transformation to increase the sensitivity of the measurements. A mathematical model of harmonically excited unit length steel cantilever beam with a breathing crack located near the fixed end is established, and an iterative numerical method is applied to generate accurate time domain dynamic responses. The bi-linearity in time domain signals due to the crack breathing are amplified by wavelet transformation first, and then the complexities due to bi-linearity is quantified using sample entropy to detect the possible crack and estimate the crack depth. It is observed that the method is capable of identifying crack depths even at very early stages of 3% with the increase in the entropy values more than 10% compared with the healthy beam. The current study extends the entropy based damage detection of rotary machines to structural analysis and takes a step further in high-sensitivity structural health monitoring by combining wavelet transformation with entropy calculations. The proposed technique can also be applied to other types of structures, such as plates and shells.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 April 2016
PDF: 16 pages
Proc. SPIE 9804, Nondestructive Characterization and Monitoring of Advanced Materials, Aerospace, and Civil Infrastructure 2016, 980425 (15 April 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2219250
Show Author Affiliations
Buddhi Wimarshana, Univ. of Manitoba (Canada)
Nan Wu, Univ. of Manitoba (Canada)
Christine Wu, Univ. of Manitoba (Canada)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9804:
Nondestructive Characterization and Monitoring of Advanced Materials, Aerospace, and Civil Infrastructure 2016
Tzuyang Yu; Andrew L. Gyekenyesi; Peter J. Shull; H. Felix Wu, Editor(s)

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