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Proceedings Paper

Liquid crystal thermography in boiling heat transfer
Author(s): James F. Klausner; Renwei Mei; Wen Chin Chen
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Paper Abstract

The utilization of liquid crystal thermography to study heterogeneous boiling phenomena has gained popularity in recent years. In order not to disturb the nucleation process, which occurs in the microstructure of the heating surface, the crystals are applied to the backside of a thin heater. This work critically examines the ability of liquid crystal thermography to quantitatively capture the thermal field on the boiling surface. The thermal field identified experimentally through liquid crystal thermography is compared against that computed in the vicinity of a growing vapor bubble using a simulation which considers the simultaneous heat transfer between three phases: the solid heater, the liquid microlayer, and the growing vapor bubble. The temperature history beneath a growing vapor bubble elucidates the high frequency response required to capture the transient thermal fields commonly encountered in boiling experiments. Examination of the governing equations and numerical results reveal that due to the heater thermal inertia, the temperature variation on the bottom of the heater is significantly different than that on the boiling surface. In addition, the crystals themselves have a finite spatial resolution and frequency response which filter out much of the microscale phenomenon associated with boiling heat transfer. Analysis of existing pool and flow boiling liquid crystal thermographs indicate that the typical spacial resolution is on the order of 0.25 mm and the response time is on the order of 5 ms which are insufficient to resolve the fine spacial and temporal details of the hating surface thermal field. Thus the data obtained from liquid crystal thermography applied to boiling heat transfer must be cautiously interpreted.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 September 1995
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 2546, Optical Techniques in Fluid, Thermal, and Combustion Flow, (29 September 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.221519
Show Author Affiliations
James F. Klausner, Univ. of Florida (United States)
Renwei Mei, Univ. of Florida (United States)
Wen Chin Chen, Univ. of Florida (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2546:
Optical Techniques in Fluid, Thermal, and Combustion Flow
Soyoung Stephen Cha; James D. Trolinger, Editor(s)

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