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Proceedings Paper

SPASER as a complex system: femtosecond dynamics traced by ab-initio simulations
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Paper Abstract

Integrating coherent light sources at the nanoscale with spasers is one of the most promising applications of plasmonics. A spaser is a nano-plasmonic counterpart of a laser, with photons replaced by surface plasmon polaritons and the resonant cavity replaced by a nanoparticle supporting localized plasmonic modes. Despite the large body of experimental and theoretical studies, the understanding of the fundamental properties of the spaser emission is still challenging. In this work, we investigated the ultrafast dynamics of the emission from a core-shell spaser by developing a rigorous first-principle numerical model. Our results show that the spaser is a highly nonlinear system with many interacting degrees of freedom, whose emission sustain a rich manifold of different spatial phases. In the regime of strong interaction we observed that the spaser emission manifests an irreversible ergodic evolution, where energy is equally shared among all the available degrees of freedom. Under this condition, the spaser generates ultrafast vortex lasing modes that are spinning on the femtosecond scale, acquiring the character of a nanoparticle with an effective spin. Interestingly, the spin orientation is defined by spontaneous symmetry breaking induced by quantum noise, which is a fundamental component of our ab-initio model. This opens up interesting possibilities of achieving unidirectional emission from a perfectly spherical nanoparticle, stimulating a broad range of applications for nano-plasmonic lasers as unidirectional couplers, random information sources and novel form of photonics neural-networks.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 March 2016
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9746, Ultrafast Phenomena and Nanophotonics XX, 974618 (14 March 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2212967
Show Author Affiliations
Juan Sebastian Totero Gongora, King Abdullah Univ. of Science and Technology (Saudi Arabia)
Andrey E. Miroshnichenko, The Australian National Univ. (Australia)
Yuri S. Kivshar, The Australian National Univ. (Australia)
Andrea Fratalocchi, King Abdullah Univ. of Science and Technology (Saudi Arabia)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9746:
Ultrafast Phenomena and Nanophotonics XX
Markus Betz; Abdulhakem Y. Elezzabi, Editor(s)

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