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Proceedings Paper

Measurement of diffusion of fluorescent compounds and autofluorescence in skin in vivo using a confocal instrument
Author(s): K. K. Buttenschoen; E. E. Sutton; D. Daly; J. M. Girkin
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Paper Abstract

Using compact and affordable instrumentation based upon fluorescent confocal imaging we have tracked the movement of autofluorescent compounds through skin in near real time with high temporal and spatial resolution and sensitivity. The ability to measure the diffusion of compounds through skin with such resolution plays an important role for applications such as monitoring the penetration of pharmaceuticals applied to skin and assessing the integrity of the skin barrier. Several measurement methods exist, but they suffer from a number of problems such as being slow, expensive, non-portable and lacking sensitivity. To address these issues, we adapted a technique that we previously developed for tracking fluorescent compounds in the eye to measure the autofluorescence and the diffusion of externally applied fluorescent compounds in skin in vivo. Results are presented that show the change in autofluorescence of the volar forearm over the course of a week. We furthermore demonstrate the ability of the instrument to measure the diffusion speed and depth of externally applied fluorescent compounds both in healthy skin and after the skin barrier function has been perturbed. The instrument is currently being developed further for increased sensitivity and multi-wavelength excitation. We believe that the presented instrument is suitable for a large number of applications in fields such as assessment of damage to the skin barrier, development of topical and systemic medication and tracking the diffusion of fluorescent compounds through skin constructs as well as monitoring effects of skin products and general consumer products which may come into contact with the skin.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 February 2016
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 9689, Photonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics XII, 968912 (29 February 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2210858
Show Author Affiliations
K. K. Buttenschoen, Durham Univ. (United Kingdom)
Lein Applied Diagnostics (United Kingdom)
E. E. Sutton, Lein Applied Diagnostics (United Kingdom)
Univ. of Birmingham (United Kingdom)
D. Daly, Lein Applied Diagnostics (United Kingdom)
J. M. Girkin, Durham Univ. (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9689:
Photonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics XII
Hyun Wook Kang; Guillermo J. Tearney M.D.; Melissa C. Skala; Bernard Choi; Andreas Mandelis; Brian J. F. Wong M.D.; Justus F. Ilgner M.D.; Nikiforos Kollias; Paul J. Campagnola; Kenton W. Gregory M.D.; Laura Marcu; Haishan Zeng, Editor(s)

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