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Proceedings Paper

Anthropogenic and biogenic emission model for mesoscale urban areas by using Landsat satellite data: Madrid case study
Author(s): Roberto San Jose; Miguel A. Sanz; Belen Moreno; Arturo Ramirez-Montesinos; Julio Cesar Hernandez; Luis M. Rodriguez
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Paper Abstract

A very important element in the description of the atmospheric chemistry is an accurate spatial and temporal inventory of the different compounds. Some of them are passive (SO2) and others are very reactive (NOx, VOC's). In this contribution, the anthropogenic emissions are usually accounted following the CORINE and EPA methodologies. In this paper, we present an accurate point, line, and area emission distribution over the Madrid mesoscale urban and suburban area which comprises 80 by 100 km2 with 2000 m resolution. A special part of the inventory is that which is produced by the traffic. We have considered different types of vehicles, emission factors, driving modes, and pollutants. To account for the biogenic hydrocarbon emissions produced by the different vegetation canopy environments we are using data from the thematic mapper Landsat-5 satellite which has 30-m resolution. A Bayesian algorithm enalbles us to cluster the different spectral signatures into several groups which can be identified as different land-use types. Isoprene and monoterpene emissions are strongly dependent on the type of forest, deciduous or coniferous, intensity of the light and leaf temperature which depends on the net radiation balance. The integrated environmental system NUFOMO is used to compare emission results from handmade land-use and satellite land-use classification.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 September 1995
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 2506, Air Pollution and Visibility Measurements, (20 September 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.221031
Show Author Affiliations
Roberto San Jose, Univ. Politecnica de Madrid (Spain)
Miguel A. Sanz, Univ. Politecnica de Madrid (Spain)
Belen Moreno, Univ. Politecnica de Madrid (Spain)
Arturo Ramirez-Montesinos, Univ. Politecnica de Madrid (Spain)
Julio Cesar Hernandez, Univ. Politecnica de Madrid (Spain)
Luis M. Rodriguez, Univ. Politecnica de Madrid (Spain)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2506:
Air Pollution and Visibility Measurements
Peter Fabian; Volker Klein; Maurus Tacke; Konradin Weber; Christian Werner, Editor(s)

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