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Proceedings Paper

Cooperative crossing of traffic intersections in a distributed robot system
Author(s): Alexander Rausch; Norbert Oswald; Paul Levi
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Paper Abstract

In traffic scenarios a distributed robot system has to cope with problems like resource sharing, distributed planning, distributed job scheduling, etc. While travelling along a street segment can be done autonomously by each robot, crossing of an intersection as a shared resource forces the robot to coordinate its actions with those of other robots e.g. by means of negotiations. We discuss the issue of cooperation on the design of a robot control architecture. Task and sensor specific cooperation between robots requires the robots' architectures to be interlinked at different hierarchical levels. Inside each level control cycles are running in parallel and provide fast reaction on events. Internal cooperation may occur between cycles of the same level. Altogether the architecture is matrix-shaped and contains abstract control cycles with a certain degree of autonomy. Based upon the internal structure of a cycle we consider the horizontal and vertical interconnection of cycles to form an individual architecture. Thereafter we examine the linkage of several agents and its influence on an interacting architecture. A prototypical implementation of a scenario, which combines aspects of active vision and cooperation, illustrates our approach. Two vision-guided vehicles are faced with line following, intersection recognition and negotiation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 September 1995
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 2589, Sensor Fusion and Networked Robotics VIII, (15 September 1995);
Show Author Affiliations
Alexander Rausch, Univ. Stuttgart (Germany)
Norbert Oswald, Univ. Stuttgart (Germany)
Paul Levi, Univ. Stuttgart (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2589:
Sensor Fusion and Networked Robotics VIII
Paul S. Schenker; Gerard T. McKee, Editor(s)

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