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Proceedings Paper

Suspended mid-infrared fiber-to-chip grating couplers for SiGe waveguides
Author(s): Julien Favreau; Cédric Durantin; Jean-Marc Fédéli; Salim Boutami; Guang-Hua Duan
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Paper Abstract

Silicon photonics has taken great importance owing to the applications in optical communications, ranging from short reach to long haul. Originally dedicated to telecom wavelengths, silicon photonics is heading toward circuits handling with a broader spectrum, especially in the short and mid-infrared (MIR) range. This trend is due to potential applications in chemical sensing, spectroscopy and defense in the 2-10 μm range. We previously reported the development of a MIR photonic platform based on buried SiGe/Si waveguide with propagation losses between 1 and 2 dB/cm. However the low index contrast of the platform makes the design of efficient grating couplers very challenging. In order to achieve a high fiber-to-chip efficiency, we propose a novel grating coupler structure, in which the grating is locally suspended in air. The grating has been designed with a FDTD software. To achieve high efficiency, suspended structure thicknesses have been jointly optimized with the grating parameters, namely the fill factor, the period and the grating etch depth. Using the Efficient Global Optimization (EGO) method we obtained a configuration where the fiber-to-waveguide efficiency is above 57 %. Moreover the optical transition between the suspended and the buried SiGe waveguide has been carefully designed by using an Eigenmode Expansion software. Transition efficiency as high as 86 % is achieved.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 March 2016
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 9753, Optical Interconnects XVI, 975319 (15 March 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2209527
Show Author Affiliations
Julien Favreau, Univ. Grenoble-Alpes, CEA-LETI (France)
Cédric Durantin, Univ. Grenoble-Alpes, CEA-LETI (France)
Jean-Marc Fédéli, Univ. Grenoble-Alpes, CEA-LETI (France)
Salim Boutami, Univ. Grenoble-Alpes, CEA-LETI (France)
Guang-Hua Duan, III-V Lab. (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9753:
Optical Interconnects XVI
Henning Schröder; Ray T. Chen, Editor(s)

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