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Proceedings Paper

Holographic microscopy in low coherence
Author(s): Radim Chmelík; Jiří Petráček; Michala Slabá; Věra Kollárová; Tomáš Slabý; Jana Čolláková; Jiří Komrska; Zbyněk Dostál; Pavel Veselý
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Paper Abstract

Low coherence of the illumination substantially improves the quality of holographic and quantitative phase imaging (QPI) by elimination of the coherence noise and various artefacts and by improving the lateral resolution compared to the coherent holographic microscopy. Attributes of coherence-controlled holographic microscope (CCHM) designed and built as an off-axis holographic system allowing QPI within the range from complete coherent to incoherent illumination confirmed these expected advantages. Low coherence illumination also furnishes the coherence gating which constraints imaging of some spatial frequencies of an object axially thus forming an optical section in the wide sense. In this way the depth discrimination capability of the microscope is introduced at the price of restricting the axial interval of possible numerical refocusing. We describe theoretically these effects for the whole range of illumination coherence. We also show that the axial refocusing constraints can be overcome using advanced mode of imaging based on mutual lateral shift of reference and object image fields in CCHM. Lowering the spatial coherence of illumination means increasing its numerical aperture. We study how this change of the illumination geometry influences 3D objects QPI and especially the interpretation of live cells QPI in terms of the dry mass density measurement. In this way a strong dependence of the imaging process on the light coherence is demonstrated. The theoretical calculations and numerical simulations are supported by experimental data including a chance of time-lapse watching of live cells even in optically turbid milieu.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 March 2016
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 9718, Quantitative Phase Imaging II, 971806 (9 March 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2209465
Show Author Affiliations
Radim Chmelík, Brno Univ. of Technology (Czech Republic)
Jiří Petráček, Brno Univ. of Technology (Czech Republic)
Michala Slabá, Brno Univ. of Technology (Czech Republic)
Věra Kollárová, Brno Univ. of Technology (Czech Republic)
Tomáš Slabý, TESCAN Brno, s.r.o. (Czech Republic)
Jana Čolláková, Brno Univ. of Technology (Czech Republic)
Jiří Komrska, Brno Univ. of Technology (Czech Republic)
Zbyněk Dostál, Brno Univ. of Technology (Czech Republic)
Pavel Veselý, Brno Univ. of Technology (Czech Republic)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9718:
Quantitative Phase Imaging II
Gabriel Popescu; YongKeun Park, Editor(s)

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