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Proceedings Paper

Interventional multispectral photoacoustic imaging with a clinical linear array ultrasound probe for guiding nerve blocks
Author(s): Wenfeng Xia; Simeon J. West; Daniil I. Nikitichev; Sebastien Ourselin; Paul C. Beard; Adrien E. Desjardins
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Paper Abstract

Accurate identification of tissue structures such as nerves and blood vessels is critically important for interventional procedures such as nerve blocks. Ultrasound imaging is widely used as a guidance modality to visualize anatomical structures in real-time. However, identification of nerves and small blood vessels can be very challenging, and accidental intra-neural or intra-vascular injections can result in significant complications. Multi-spectral photoacoustic imaging can provide high sensitivity and specificity for discriminating hemoglobin- and lipid-rich tissues. However, conventional surface-illumination-based photoacoustic systems suffer from limited sensitivity at large depths. In this study, for the first time, an interventional multispectral photoacoustic imaging (IMPA) system was used to image nerves in a swine model in vivo. Pulsed excitation light with wavelengths in the ranges of 750 - 900 nm and 1150 - 1300 nm was delivered inside the body through an optical fiber positioned within the cannula of an injection needle. Ultrasound waves were received at the tissue surface using a clinical linear array imaging probe. Co-registered B-mode ultrasound images were acquired using the same imaging probe. Nerve identification was performed using a combination of B-mode ultrasound imaging and electrical stimulation. Using a linear model, spectral-unmixing of the photoacoustic data was performed to provide image contrast for oxygenated and de-oxygenated hemoglobin, water and lipids. Good correspondence between a known nerve location and a lipid-rich region in the photoacoustic images was observed. The results indicate that IMPA is a promising modality for guiding nerve blocks and other interventional procedures. Challenges involved with clinical translation are discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 March 2016
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9708, Photons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2016, 97080C (15 March 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2209047
Show Author Affiliations
Wenfeng Xia, Univ. College London (United Kingdom)
Simeon J. West, Univ. College Hospital (United Kingdom)
Daniil I. Nikitichev, Univ. College London (United Kingdom)
Sebastien Ourselin, Univ. College London (United Kingdom)
Paul C. Beard, Univ. College London (United Kingdom)
Adrien E. Desjardins, Univ. College London (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9708:
Photons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2016
Alexander A. Oraevsky; Lihong V. Wang, Editor(s)

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