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Proceedings Paper

Performance analysis of low-complexity adaptive frequency-domain equalization and MIMO signal processing for compensation of differential mode group delay in mode-division multiplexing communication systems using few-mode fibers
Author(s): Yi Weng; Xuan He; Zhongqi Pan
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Paper Abstract

Mode-division multiplexing (MDM) transmission systems utilizing few-mode fibers (FMF) have been intensively explored to sustain continuous traffic growth. The key challenges of MDM systems are inter-modal crosstalk due to random mode coupling (RMC), and largely-accumulated differential mode group delay (DMGD), whilst hinders mode-demultiplexer implementation. The adaptive multi-input multi-output (MIMO) frequency-domain equalization (FDE) can dynamically compensate DMGD using digital signal processing (DSP) algorithms. The frequency-domain least-mean squares (FD-LMS) algorithm has been universally adopted for high-speed MDM communications, mainly for its relatively low computational complexity. However, longer training sequence is appended for FD-LMS to achieve faster convergence, which incurs prohibitively higher system overhead and reduces overall throughput. In this paper, we propose a fast-convergent single-stage adaptive frequency-domain recursive least-squares (FD-RLS) algorithm with reduced complexity for DMGD compensation at MDM coherent receivers. The performance and complexity comparison of FD-RLS, with signal-PSD-dependent FD-LMS method and conventional FD-LMS approach, are performed in a 3000 km six-mode transmission system with 65 ps/km DMGD. We explore the convergence speed of three adaptive algorithms, including the normalized mean-square-error (NMSE) per fast Fourier transform (FFT) block at 14–30 dB OSNR. The fast convergence of FD-RLS is exploited at the expense of slightly-increased necessary tap numbers for MIMO equalizers, and it can partially save the overhead of training sequence. Furthermore, we demonstrate adaptive FD-RLS can also be used for chromatic dispersion (CD) compensation without increasing the filter tap length, thus prominently reducing the DSP implementation complexity for MDM systems.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 February 2016
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 9774, Next-Generation Optical Communication: Components, Sub-Systems, and Systems V, 97740B (13 February 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2208407
Show Author Affiliations
Yi Weng, Univ. of Louisiana at Lafayette (United States)
Xuan He, Univ. of Louisiana at Lafayette (United States)
Zhongqi Pan, Univ. of Louisiana at Lafayette (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9774:
Next-Generation Optical Communication: Components, Sub-Systems, and Systems V
Guifang Li; Xiang Zhou, Editor(s)

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