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Proceedings Paper

Analyze and experiment on AC magnetic field’s effect to fiber optic gyroscopes in compact stabilization control systems
Author(s): Chao Zhang; Yao Mao; Jing Tian; Zhijun Li
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Paper Abstract

Fiber optic gyroscopes (FOG) are getting more and more attention in areas such as stabilization control systems as they are all solid state and have a wide bandwidth. In stabilization systems that require wide bandwidth control, motors are usually used as actuating mechanism for active disturbance restrain. Voice coil motors (VCMs) are usually used in compact stabilization systems that require large torque and fast response. However, AC magnetic field, which can affect the output of FOG due to Faraday effect, will be generated during operation of VCMs. The frequency range affected by the AC magnetic field to the FOG’s output is the same as VCMs drive signal frequency range, which is also exactly the stabilization system’s working range. Therefore the effect of the AC magnetic field to FOGs must be evaluated to verify the feasibility of a stable system design that uses both FOGs and VCMs. In this article, the basic structure and operating principle of stabilization system is introduced. The influence of AC magnetic field to FOG is theoretically analyzed. The magnetic field generated by VCMs is numerically simulated based on the theory deduction of the magnetic field near energized wires. To verify the influence of the VCM generated magnetic field to the FOGs in practical designs, a simplified random fiber coil model is built for it’s hard to accurately test the exact polarize axis’s twisting rate in a fiber coil. The influence to the FOG’s output of different random coil model is simulated and the result shows a same trend that the influence of the VCM’s magnetic field to the FOG is reduced as the distance between the VCM and the FOG increasing. The influence of a VCM to a FOG with the same parameters is experimentally tested. In the Fourier transformed FOG data the same frequency point as the VCM drive signal frequency can be read. The result fit simulated result that as the distance increases, the influence decreases. The amplitude of the frequency point is just above the average noise spectrum amplitude of the tested FOG and that indicates the influence of the particular VCM’s AC magnetic field to the FOG’s output is negligible in this design. The feasibility of the future design can also be tested in the same way as the article introduced.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 October 2015
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 9679, AOPC 2015: Optical Fiber Sensors and Applications, 96791B (8 October 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2203287
Show Author Affiliations
Chao Zhang, Institute of Optics and Electronics (China)
Key Lab. of Optical Engineering (China)
Yao Mao, Institute of Optics and Electronics (China)
Key Lab. of Optical Engineering (China)
Jing Tian, Institute of Optics and Electronics (China)
Key Lab. of Optical Engineering (China)
Zhijun Li, Institute of Optics and Electronics (China)
Key Lab. of Optical Engineering (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9679:
AOPC 2015: Optical Fiber Sensors and Applications
Yanbiao Liao; Weixu Zhang; Desheng Jiang; Wei Wang; Gilberto Brambilla, Editor(s)

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