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Proceedings Paper

Infrared dim small target detection algorithm based on NSCT and SVD
Author(s): Ying Zhao; Gang Liu; Huixin Zhou; Hanlin Qin; Xiao Li; Zhigang Wen; Man Ni; Bingjian Wang
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Paper Abstract

A novel dim small target detection algorithm based on the nonsubsampled contourlet transform (NSCT) and the singular value decomposition (SVD) is proposed in this paper, which is to improve the performance of the dim small target detection under the complex sky cloud background. Firstly, the original infrared image is decomposed with the SVD, and several different numbers of the singular value for reconstruction is chosen to analyze the application of the SVD to the image. The complex sky cloud background in the infrared target image is predicted by choosing a certain number of the singular value to reconstruct the image, and it is subtracted from the original image to suppress the background and enhance the target signal. Secondly, to use the scale and the direction information of the image, the residual image is decomposed by the NSCT into several high-pass directional subbands and a low-pass subband. Thirdly, the SVD filtering is utilized again to those directional subbands to eliminate the noise and the residual background. And the low-pass subband is modified by the local mean removal method. Finally, the refined subbands are reconstructed by the inverse NSCT to fulfill the dim small target detection. The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed algorithm has better subjective vision and objective numerical indicators, and can acquire a better performance of the target detection.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 October 2015
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9675, AOPC 2015: Image Processing and Analysis, 96752R (8 October 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2202780
Show Author Affiliations
Ying Zhao, Xidian Univ. (China)
Gang Liu, Shanghai Institute of Satellite Engineering (China)
Huixin Zhou, Xidian Univ. (China)
Hanlin Qin, Xidian Univ. (China)
Xiao Li, Xidian Univ. (China)
Zhigang Wen, Xidian Univ. (China)
Man Ni, Xidian Univ. (China)
Bingjian Wang, Xidian Univ. (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9675:
AOPC 2015: Image Processing and Analysis
Chunhua Shen; Weiping Yang; Honghai Liu, Editor(s)

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