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Proceedings Paper

A direction detective asymmetrical twin-core fiber curving sensor
Author(s): Maowei An; Tao Geng; Wenlei Yang; Hongyi Zeng; Jian Li
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Paper Abstract

Long period fiber gratings (LPFGs), which can couple the core mode to the forward propagating cladding modes of a fiber and have the advantage of small additional loss, no backward reflection, small size, which is widely used in optical fiber sensors and optical communication systems. LPFG has different fabricating methods, in order to write gratings on the twin-core at the same time effectively, we specially choose electric heating fused taper system to fabricate asymmetric dual-core long period fiber grating, because this kind of method can guarantee the similarity of gratings on the twin cores and obtain good geometric parameters of LPFG, such as cycle, cone waist. Then we use bending test platform to conduct bending test for each of the core of twin-core asymmetric long period fiber grating. Experiments show that: the sensitivity of asymmetrical twin-core long period fiber grating’s central core under bending is -5.47nm·m, while the sensitivity of asymmetric twin-core long period fiber grating partial core changed with the relative position of screw micrometer. The sensitivity at 0°, 30°, 90° direction is -4.22nm·m, -9.84nm·m, -11.44nm·m respectively. The experiment results strongly demonstrate the properties of rim sensing of asymmetrical twin-core fiber gratings which provides the possibility of simultaneously measuring the bending magnitude and direction and solving the problem of cross sensing when multi-parameter measuring. In other words, we can detect temperature and bend at the same time by this sensor. As our knowledge, it is the first time simultaneously measuring bend and temperature using this structure of fiber sensors.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 October 2015
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9679, AOPC 2015: Optical Fiber Sensors and Applications, 967910 (8 October 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2200957
Show Author Affiliations
Maowei An, Harbin Engineering Univ. (China)
Tao Geng, Harbin Engineering Univ. (China)
Wenlei Yang, Harbin Engineering Univ. (China)
Hongyi Zeng, Harbin Engineering Univ. (China)
Jian Li, Harbin Engineering Univ. (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9679:
AOPC 2015: Optical Fiber Sensors and Applications
Yanbiao Liao; Weixu Zhang; Desheng Jiang; Wei Wang; Gilberto Brambilla, Editor(s)

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