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Proceedings Paper

Selection of UV double grating monochromator parameters of a rotational Raman lidar detection atmospheric temperature
Author(s): Yuli Liu; Kaifa Cao; Shunxing Hu; Yuesheng Sun; Leilei Chen
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Paper Abstract

The atmospheric temperature is an important meteorological parameter. The rotational Raman lidar temperature measurement system is usually used for retrieval of atmospheric temperature according to the echo signal intensity ratio. UV double grating monochromator (DGM) is a kind of spectroscopical equipment for extracting the rotational Raman's spectra. The UV DGM consists of optical fibers , focal plates , lenses and gratings. Correct parameters of the gratings, lenses, fibers are essential to the successful development of DGM. First, a suitable grating is selected according to the grating diffraction theory. Second, the diameter and focal length of lens are chosen according to ruled area and blaze angle of grating, the numerical aperture of fiber and how difficult machining is . Finally, the range of fiber core diameter is chosen according to the distance between the sixth and the twelfth spectral line on the focal plane. In order to compare the different fiber core diameter's statistical temperature error, and suppression ratio of elastic scattering light, some numerical calculations are conducted. The simulation results show that the measurement accuracy increases in the evening and approximately decreases during daytime with the increase of input fiber core diameter .As the input fiber core diameter increases, the rejection ratio is decreasing ,but they are all more than 7 orders of magnitude. It is preferable to choose input fiber with core diameter of 300um during the daytime and 600um at night. The correct parameters of grating, lens and fiber provide theoretical basis for the development of the UV DGM.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 October 2015
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9678, AOPC 2015: Telescope and Space Optical Instrumentation, 96780A (8 October 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2197553
Show Author Affiliations
Yuli Liu, Anhui Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (China)
The Electronic Engineering Institute of the PLA (China)
Kaifa Cao, Anhui Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (China)
Shunxing Hu, Anhui Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (China)
Yuesheng Sun, The Electronic Engineering Institute of the PLA (China)
Leilei Chen, The Electronic Engineering Institute of the PLA (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9678:
AOPC 2015: Telescope and Space Optical Instrumentation
Bin Xiangli; Dae Wook Kim; Suijian Xue, Editor(s)

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