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Proceedings Paper

Far-IR transparency and dynamic infrared signature control with novel conducting-polymer systems
Author(s): Prasanna Chandrasekhar; T. J. Dooley
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Paper Abstract

Materials which possess transparency, coupled with active controllability of this transparency in the infrared (IR), are today an increasingly important requirement, for varied applications. These applications include windows for IR sensors, IR-region flat panel displays used in camouflage as well as in communication and sight through night-vision goggles, coatings with dynamically controllable IR-emissivity, and thermal conservation coatings. Among stringent requirements for these applications are large dynamic ranges (color contrast), 'multi-color' or broad-band characteristics, extended cyclability, long memory retention, matrix addressability, small area fabricability, low power consumption, and environmental stability. Among materials possessing the requirements for variation of IR signature, conducting polymers (CPs) appear to be the only materials with dynamic, actively controllable signature and acceptable dynamic range. Conventional CPs such as poly(alkyl thiophene), poly(pyrrole) or poly(aniline) show very limited dynamic range, especially in the far-IR, while also showing poor transparency. We have developed a number of novel CP systems ('system' implying the CP, the selected dopant, the synthesis method, and the electrolyte) with very wide dynamic range (up to 90% in both important IR regions, 3 - 5 (mu) and 8 - 12 (mu) ), high cyclability (to 105 cycles with less than 10% optical degradation), nearly indefinite optical memory retention, matrix addressability of multi-pixel displays, very wide operating temperature and excellent environmental stability, low charge capacity, and processability into areas from less than 1 mm2 to more than 100 cm2. The criteria used to design and arrive at these CP systems, together with representative IR signature data, are presented in this paper.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 September 1995
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 2528, Optical and Photonic Applications of Electroactive and Conducting Polymers, (15 September 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.219540
Show Author Affiliations
Prasanna Chandrasekhar, Ashwin-Ushas Corp., Inc. (United States)
T. J. Dooley, Ashwin-Ushas Corp., Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2528:
Optical and Photonic Applications of Electroactive and Conducting Polymers
Sze Chang Yang; Prasanna Chandrasekhar, Editor(s)

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