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Proceedings Paper

GPU implementation of the simplex identification via split augmented Lagrangian
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Paper Abstract

Hyperspectral imaging can be used for object detection and for discriminating between different objects based on their spectral characteristics. One of the main problems of hyperspectral data analysis is the presence of mixed pixels, due to the low spatial resolution of such images. This means that several spectrally pure signatures (endmembers) are combined into the same mixed pixel. Linear spectral unmixing follows an unsupervised approach which aims at inferring pure spectral signatures and their material fractions at each pixel of the scene. The huge data volumes acquired by such sensors put stringent requirements on processing and unmixing methods.

This paper proposes an efficient implementation of a unsupervised linear unmixing method on GPUs using CUDA. The method finds the smallest simplex by solving a sequence of nonsmooth convex subproblems using variable splitting to obtain a constraint formulation, and then applying an augmented Lagrangian technique. The parallel implementation of SISAL presented in this work exploits the GPU architecture at low level, using shared memory and coalesced accesses to memory. The results herein presented indicate that the GPU implementation can significantly accelerate the method's execution over big datasets while maintaining the methods accuracy.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 October 2015
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 9646, High-Performance Computing in Remote Sensing V, 964607 (20 October 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2194519
Show Author Affiliations
Jorge Sevilla, Instituto de Telecomunicações (Portugal)
José M. P. Nascimento, Instituto de Telecomunicações (Portugal)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9646:
High-Performance Computing in Remote Sensing V
Bormin Huang D.D.S.; Sebastián López; Zhensen Wu; Jose M. Nascimento; Boris A. Alpatov; Jordi Portell de Mora, Editor(s)

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