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Proceedings Paper

Inference of dense spectral reflectance images from sparse reflectance measurement using non-linear regression modeling
Author(s): Jason Deglint; Farnoud Kazemzadeh; Alexander Wong; David A. Clausi
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Paper Abstract

One method to acquire multispectral images is to sequentially capture a series of images where each image contains information from a different bandwidth of light. Another method is to use a series of beamsplitters and dichroic filters to guide different bandwidths of light onto different cameras. However, these methods are very time consuming and expensive and perform poorly in dynamic scenes or when observing transient phenomena. An alternative strategy to capturing multispectral data is to infer this data using sparse spectral reflectance measurements captured using an imaging device with overlapping bandpass filters, such as a consumer digital camera using a Bayer filter pattern. Currently the only method of inferring dense reflectance spectra is the Wiener adaptive filter, which makes Gaussian assumptions about the data. However, these assumptions may not always hold true for all data. We propose a new technique to infer dense reflectance spectra from sparse spectral measurements through the use of a non-linear regression model. The non-linear regression model used in this technique is the random forest model, which is an ensemble of decision trees and trained via the spectral characterization of the optical imaging system and spectral data pair generation. This model is then evaluated by spectrally characterizing different patches on the Macbeth color chart, as well as by reconstructing inferred multispectral images. Results show that the proposed technique can produce inferred dense reflectance spectra that correlate well with the true dense reflectance spectra, which illustrates the merits of the technique.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 September 2015
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 9599, Applications of Digital Image Processing XXXVIII, 95992G (22 September 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2188262
Show Author Affiliations
Jason Deglint, Univ. of Waterloo (Canada)
Farnoud Kazemzadeh, Univ. of Waterloo (Canada)
Alexander Wong, Univ. of Waterloo (Canada)
David A. Clausi, Univ. of Waterloo (Canada)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9599:
Applications of Digital Image Processing XXXVIII
Andrew G. Tescher, Editor(s)

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