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Proceedings Paper • Open Access

Time domain diffuse optical spectroscopy: in-vivo quantification of collagen in breast tissue
Author(s): Paola Taroni; Antonio Pifferi; Giovanna Quarto; Andrea Farina; Francesca Ieva; Anna Maria Paganoni; Francesca Abbate; Enrico Cassano; Rinaldo Cubeddu

Paper Abstract

Time-resolved diffuse optical spectroscopy provides non-invasively the optical characterization of highly diffusive media, such as biological tissues. Light pulses are injected into the tissue and the effects of light propagation on re-emitted pulses are interpreted with the diffusion theory to assess simultaneously tissue absorption and reduced scattering coefficients. Performing spectral measurements, information on tissue composition and structure is derived applying the Beer law to the measured absorption and an empiric approximation to Mie theory to the reduced scattering. The absorption properties of collagen powder were preliminarily measured in the range of 600-1100 nm using a laboratory set-up for broadband time-resolved diffuse optical spectroscopy. Optical projection images were subsequently acquired in compressed breast geometry on 218 subjects, either healthy or bearing breast lesions, using a portable instrument for optical mammography that operates at 7 wavelengths selected in the range 635-1060 nm. For all subjects, tissue composition was estimated in terms of oxy- and deoxy-hemoglobin, water, lipids, and collagen. Information on tissue microscopic structure was also derived. Good correlation was obtained between mammographic breast density (a strong risk factor for breast cancer) and an optical index based on collagen content and scattering power (that accounts mostly for tissue collagen). Logistic regression applied to all optically derived parameters showed that subjects at high risk for developing breast cancer for their high breast density can effectively be identified based on collagen content and scattering parameters. Tissue composition assessed in breast lesions with a perturbative approach indicated that collagen and hemoglobin content are significantly higher in malignant lesions than in benign ones.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 June 2015
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 9529, Optical Methods for Inspection, Characterization, and Imaging of Biomaterials II, 952910 (22 June 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2187775
Show Author Affiliations
Paola Taroni, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
Antonio Pifferi, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
Istituto di Fotonica e Nanotecnologie (Italy)
Giovanna Quarto, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
Andrea Farina, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
Francesca Ieva, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
Anna Maria Paganoni, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
Francesca Abbate, Istituto Europeo di Oncologia (Italy)
Enrico Cassano, Istituto Europeo di Oncologia (Italy)
Rinaldo Cubeddu, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
Istituto di Fotonica e Nanotecnologie (Italy)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9529:
Optical Methods for Inspection, Characterization, and Imaging of Biomaterials II
Pietro Ferraro; Simonetta Grilli; Monika Ritsch-Marte; David Stifter, Editor(s)

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