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Proceedings Paper

Fiber-chip edge coupler with large mode size for silicon photonic wire waveguides
Author(s): Martin Papes; Pavel Cheben; Winnie N. Ye; Jens H. Schmid; Dan-Xia Xu; Siegfried Janz; Daniel Benedikovic; Carlos A. Ramos; Robert Halir; Alejandro Ortega-Moñux; André Delâge; Vladimír Vašinek
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Paper Abstract

Fiber-chip edge couplers are extensively used in integrated optics as one of the key structures for coupling of light between planar waveguide circuits and optical fibers. In this work, a new fiber-chip edge coupler concept with large mode size for coupling to submicrometer silicon photonic wire waveguides is presented. The coupler allows direct coupling to conventional SMF-28 optical fiber and circumvents the need for lensed fibers. We demonstrate by simulations a 95% mode overlap between the mode at the chip facet and a high numerical aperture single mode optical fiber with 6 μm mode field diameter (MFD). We also demonstrate a modified design with 89% overlap between the mode at the chip facet and a standard SMF-28 fiber with 10.4 μm MFD. The coupler is designed for 220 nm silicon-oninsulator (SOI) platform. An important advantage of our coupler is that large mode size is obtained without the need to increase buried oxide (BOX) thickness, which in our design is set to 3 μm. This remarkable feature is achieved by implementing in the SiO2 upper cladding two thin high-index Si3N4 layers. The high-index layers increase the effective refractive index of the upper cladding layer near the facet and are gradually tapered out along the coupler to provide adiabatic mode transformation to the silicon wire waveguide. Simultaneously, the Si-wire waveguide is inversely tapered along the coupler. The mode overlap at the chip facet is studied using a vectorial 2D mode solver and the mode transformation along the coupler is studied by 3D Finite-Difference Time-Domain simulations. The couplers are optimized for operating with transverse electric (TE) polarization and the operating wavelength is centered at 1.55 μm.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 May 2015
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9516, Integrated Optics: Physics and Simulations II, 95160K (1 May 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2181547
Show Author Affiliations
Martin Papes, VŠB-Technical Univ. of Ostrava (Czech Republic)
Pavel Cheben, National Research Council Canada (Canada)
Winnie N. Ye, Carleton Univ. (Canada)
Jens H. Schmid, National Research Council Canada (Canada)
Dan-Xia Xu, National Research Council Canada (Canada)
Siegfried Janz, National Research Council Canada (Canada)
Daniel Benedikovic, Univ. of Žilina (Slovakia)
Carlos A. Ramos, Univ. de Málaga (Spain)
Robert Halir, Univ. de Málaga (Spain)
Alejandro Ortega-Moñux, Univ. de Málaga (Spain)
André Delâge, National Research Council Canada (Canada)
Vladimír Vašinek, VŠB-Technical Univ. of Ostrava (Czech Republic)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9516:
Integrated Optics: Physics and Simulations II
Pavel Cheben; Jiří Čtyroký; Iñigo Molina-Fernández, Editor(s)

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