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Proceedings Paper

Evaluation of cotton-fabric bleaching using hydrogen peroxide and Blue LED
Author(s): Bruno P. de Oliveira; Lilian T. Moriyama; Vanderlei S. Bagnato
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Paper Abstract

The raw cotton production requires multiple steps being one of them the removal of impurities acquired during previous processes. This procedure is widely used by textile industries around the world and is called bleaching. The raw cotton is composed by cellulosic and non-cellulosic materials like waxes, pectins and oils, which are responsible for its characteristic yellowish color. The bleaching process aims to remove the non-cellulosic materials concentration in the fabric, increasing its whiteness degree. The most used bleaching method utilizes a bath in an alkali solution of hydrogen peroxide, stabilizers and buffer solutions under high temperature. In the present study we evaluated the possibility of using a blue illumination for the bleaching process. We used blue LEDs (450 nm) to illuminate an acid hydrogen peroxide solution at room temperature. The samples treated by this method were compared with the conventional bleaching process through a colorimetric analysis and by a multiple comparison visual inspection by volunteers. The samples were also studied by a tensile test in order to verify the integrity of the cloth after bleaching. The results of fabric visual inspection and colorimetric analysis showed a small advantage for the sample treated by the standard method. The tensile test showed an increasing on the yield strength of the cloth after blue light bleaching. The presented method has great applicability potential due to the similar results compared to the standard method, with relative low cost and reduced production of chemical waste.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 June 2015
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 9531, Biophotonics South America, 95312E (19 June 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2181026
Show Author Affiliations
Bruno P. de Oliveira, Univ. de São Paulo (Brazil)
Lilian T. Moriyama, Univ. de São Paulo (Brazil)
Vanderlei S. Bagnato, Univ. de São Paulo (Brazil)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9531:
Biophotonics South America
Cristina Kurachi D.D.S.; Katarina Svanberg M.D.; Bruce J. Tromberg; Vanderlei Salvador Bagnato, Editor(s)

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