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Proceedings Paper

GNSS software receiver sampling noise and clock jitter performance and impact analysis
Author(s): Jian Yun Chen; XuZhe Feng; XianBin Li; GuangYao Wu
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Paper Abstract

In the design of a multi-frequency multi-constellation GNSS software defined radio receivers is becoming more and more popular due to its simple architecture, flexible configuration and good coherence in multi-frequency signal processing. It plays an important role in navigation signal processing and signal quality monitoring. In particular, GNSS software defined radio receivers driving the sampling clock of analogue-to-digital converter (ADC) by FPGA implies that a more flexible radio transceiver design is possible. According to the concept of software defined radio (SDR), the ideal is to digitize as close to the antenna as possible. Whereas the carrier frequency of GNSS signal is of the frequency of GHz, converting at this frequency is expensive and consumes more power. Band sampling method is a cheaper, more effective alternative. When using band sampling method, it is possible to sample a RF signal at twice the bandwidth of the signal. Unfortunately, as the other side of the coin, the introduction of SDR concept and band sampling method induce negative influence on the performance of the GNSS receivers. ADC’s suffer larger sampling clock jitter generated by FPGA; and low sampling frequency introduces more noise to the receiver. Then the influence of sampling noise cannot be neglected. The paper analyzes the sampling noise, presents its influence on the carrier noise ratio, and derives the ranging error by calculating the synchronization error of the delay locked loop. Simulations aiming at each impact factors of sampling-noise-induced ranging error are performed. Simulation and experiment results show that if the target ranging accuracy is at the level of centimeter, the quantization length should be no less than 8 and the sampling clock jitter should not exceed 30ps.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 March 2015
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 9446, Ninth International Symposium on Precision Engineering Measurement and Instrumentation, 94461A (6 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2180741
Show Author Affiliations
Jian Yun Chen, National Univ. of Defense Technology (China)
XuZhe Feng, National Univ. of Defense Technology (China)
XianBin Li, National Univ. of Defense Technology (China)
GuangYao Wu, National Univ. of Defense Technology (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9446:
Ninth International Symposium on Precision Engineering Measurement and Instrumentation
Junning Cui; Jiubin Tan; Xianfang Wen, Editor(s)

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