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Proceedings Paper

Cancer-cells on a chip for label-free optic detection of secreted molecules
Author(s): Ophélie I. Berthuy; Loïc J. Blum; Christophe A. Marquette
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Paper Abstract

To unravel cell complexity, living-cell chips have been developed that allow delivery of experimental stimuli but also measurement of the resulting cellular responses. We have been developing a new concept for multiplexed detection of biomolecules secreted by different cancer cells. In the present report, we are making the proof of concept of cell small populations (from 1 to 100 cells) spotting, culture and secretion detection on a gold surface. For that purpose, antibodies and different cell lines were spotted using a piezoelectric spotter. In order to keep the cells in a hydrated environment during the robotized micropipetting and to address different cell lines on a single chip, a biocompatible alginate polymer was used. This approach enables the encapsulation of the cell in a very small volume (30 nL), directly on the substrate and permits a precise control of the number of cells in each alginate bead. After 24h of culture, the adherent cells are ready for surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPRi) experimentation. To enable the detection of secreted proteins, various antibodies are immobilized in an organized manner on a SPRi sensor and permitted the multiplex detection of different proteins secreted by the different cultured cell lines. Evidence of the real-time detection will be presented for Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) and β-2-microglobulin (B2M) secreted by prostate cancer cells following induction by dihydrotestosterone (DHT). Different kinetics for the two secreted proteins were then demonstrated and precisely determined using the chip. There is no doubt that our chip will, in a near future, be applied to more multiplexed and complex biological secretion systems for which kinetic data are at the moment not reachable using standard cellular biology tools.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 May 2015
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 9506, Optical Sensors 2015, 950615 (5 May 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2179883
Show Author Affiliations
Ophélie I. Berthuy, Lab. de GEMBAS, Insitut CBMS, Univ. Claude Bernard Lyon 1 (France)
Loïc J. Blum, Lab. de GEMBAS, Insitut CBMS, Univ. Claude Bernard Lyon 1 (France)
Christophe A. Marquette, Lab. de GEMBAS, Insitut CBMS, Univ. Claude Bernard Lyon 1 (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9506:
Optical Sensors 2015
Francesco Baldini; Jiri Homola; Robert A. Lieberman, Editor(s)

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