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Proceedings Paper

Comparison of temporal properties of auditory single units in response to cochlear infrared laser stimulation recorded with multi-channel and single tungsten electrodes
Author(s): Xiaodong Tan; Nan Xia; Hunter Young; Claus-Peter Richter
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Paper Abstract

Auditory prostheses may benefit from Infrared Neural Stimulation (INS) because optical stimulation allows for spatially selective activation of neuron populations. Selective activation of neurons in the cochlear spiral ganglion can be determined in the central nucleus of the inferior colliculus (ICC) because the tonotopic organization of frequencies in the cochlea is maintained throughout the auditory pathway. The activation profile of INS is well represented in the ICC by multichannel electrodes (MCEs). To characterize single unit properties in response to INS, however, single tungsten electrodes (STEs) should be used because of its better signal-to-noise ratio. In this study, we compared the temporal properties of ICC single units recorded with MCEs and STEs in order to characterize the response properties of single auditory neurons in response to INS in guinea pigs. The length along the cochlea stimulated with infrared radiation corresponded to a frequency range of about 0.6 octaves, similar to that recorded with STEs. The temporal properties of single units recorded with MCEs showed higher maximum rates, shorter latencies, and higher firing efficiencies compared to those recorded with STEs. When the preset amplitude threshold for triggering MCE recordings was raised to twice over the noise level, the temporal properties of the single units became similar to those obtained with STEs. Undistinguishable neural activities from multiple sources in MCE recordings could be responsible for the response property difference between MCEs and STEs. Thus, caution should be taken in single unit recordings with MCEs.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 February 2015
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 9303, Photonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics XI, 93031N (26 February 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2178046
Show Author Affiliations
Xiaodong Tan, Northwestern Univ. (United States)
Nan Xia, Northwestern Univ. (United States)
Hunter Young, Northwestern Univ. (United States)
Claus-Peter Richter, Northwestern Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9303:
Photonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics XI
Hyun Wook Kang; Brian J. F. Wong M.D.; Melissa C. Skala; Bernard Choi; Guillermo J. Tearney M.D.; Andreas Mandelis; Nikiforos Kollias; Kenton W. Gregory M.D.; Mark W. Dewhirst D.V.M.; Justus F. Ilgner M.D.; Alfred Nuttal; Haishan Zeng; Laura Marcu; Claus-Peter Richter, Editor(s)

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