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Proceedings Paper

Pulsed microwave heating method for preparation of dye-sensitized solar cells for greener, faster, cheaper production of photovoltaic materials
Author(s): Clifford B. Murphy; Robert Cotta; Timothy Blais; Charles B. Hall
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Paper Abstract

Microwave heating methods are very popular for developing chemical syntheses that are achieved much more rapidly or with less solvent than via conventional heating methods. Their application to solar cell development has been primarily in developing improvements in the synthesis of dyes and curing of polymer substrates, but not in assisting the photoanode construction of dye-sensitized solar cells. Microwave heating of conducting substrates can lead to arcing of electricity in the reactor, which in turn, can lead to extensive degradation or complete destruction of the photoanode. Here we present our work in applying a pulsed microwave heating method that affords quicker dye deposition times in comparison to conventional heating (μw 40 min, conventional 60 min) with similar dye concentrations as characterized by UV-Vis absorbance, contact angle measurements, and cyclic voltammetry. Our photoanodes are constructed with anatase TiO2 cured onto FTO glass, and deposition of the N719 ruthenium dye either directly to the TiO2 layer or through amide bond formation to a silane layer that has been deposited on the TiO2 layer. Modest improvements in the solar energy conversion efficiency are shown through the microwave method in comparison to conventional heating (μw 0.78% vs. conventional 0.25% reported by K. Szpakolski, et. Al. Polyhedron, 2013, 52, 719-732.)

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 May 2015
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 9493, Energy Harvesting and Storage: Materials, Devices, and Applications VI, 94930F (18 May 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2177601
Show Author Affiliations
Clifford B. Murphy, Roger Williams Univ. (United States)
Robert Cotta, Roger Williams Univ. (United States)
Timothy Blais, Roger Williams Univ. (United States)
Charles B. Hall, Roger Williams Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9493:
Energy Harvesting and Storage: Materials, Devices, and Applications VI
Nibir K. Dhar; Achyut K. Dutta, Editor(s)

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