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Proceedings Paper

The effect of contrast in camouflage patterns on detectability by human observers and CAMAELEON
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Paper Abstract

Evaluation of signature properties of military equipment is very important. It is crucial to apply the proper method out of many possible approaches, based on amongst others ranking by probability of detection, detection time, and distance to target, which have been carried out by various countries. In this paper we present results from camouflage pattern assessments utilising two different approaches, based on human observers (detection time) and simulations (CAMAELEON). CAMAELEON ranks camouflaged targets by their local contrast, orientation and spatial frequency, mimicking the human eye’s response, and is a rapid and low cost method for signature assessment. In our camouflage tests, human observers were asked to search for targets (in a natural setting) presented on a high resolution pc screen, and the corresponding detection times were recorded. In our study we find a good correspondence between the camouflage properties of the targets in most of our unique tests (scenes), but in some particular cases there is an interesting deviation. Two similar camouflage patterns (both were random samples of the pattern) were tested, and it seemed that the results depended on the way the pattern is attached to the test subject. More precisely, it may seem that high-contrast coloured patches of the pattern in the target outline were significantly different detected by humans compared to CAMAELEON. In this paper we discuss this deviation in the two signature evaluation methods and look at potential risks.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 May 2015
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 9476, Automatic Target Recognition XXV, 947604 (22 May 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2176968
Show Author Affiliations
Daniela H. Heinrich, Norwegian Defence Research Establishment (Norway)
Gorm K. Selj, Norwegian Defence Research Establishment (Norway)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9476:
Automatic Target Recognition XXV
Firooz A. Sadjadi; Abhijit Mahalanobis, Editor(s)

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