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Proceedings Paper

Diel variations of bio-optical properties in the Sargasso Sea
Author(s): Michael Hamilton; Timothy C. Granata; Tom D. Dickey; Jerry Wiggert; David A. Siegel; John Marra; Chris Langdon
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Paper Abstract

Concurrent time series measurements including: percent transmission of a collimated beam of 660 nm light (converted to beam attenuation coefficient, C), photosynthetically available radiation (PAR), and chlorophyll (chl) fluorescence were obtained at 7-8 depths within the upper 160m of the Sargasso Sea (34N 70W) from Mar-Oct 1987 using a moored array of instruments (see Dickey et al., this volume). A subset of these data, the spring deployment (the first of three) from March to mid May, has been analyzed with respect to the diel phase variations in the bio-optical properties. Among the features noted, the relationship between PAR and chl-fl changed from cM-fl lagging the PAR signal by ca 90 degrees, through 180 degrees of shift to leading by -90 degrees. The transition period corresponding to this change was marked by inconsistent behavior in thephase relationships between other bio-optical variables, but the changes were short-lived and returned to their previous offsets from the daily PAR. These changes are thought to be the result of a succession of species caused by a combination of warm outbreaks of Gulf Stream waters importing a foreign particle assemblage into the Sargasso Sea, contemporaneous with wind events causing deep mixing. This hypothesis is consistent with recent observations at sea and in laboratory studies.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 September 1990
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 1302, Ocean Optics X, (1 September 1990); doi: 10.1117/12.21448
Show Author Affiliations
Michael Hamilton, Univ. of Southern California (United States)
Timothy C. Granata, Univ. of Southern California (United States)
Tom D. Dickey, Univ. of Southern California (United States)
Jerry Wiggert, Univ. of Southern California (United States)
David A. Siegel, Univ. of California/Santa Barbara (United States)
John Marra, Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory (United States)
Chris Langdon, Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1302:
Ocean Optics X
Richard W. Spinrad, Editor(s)

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