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Proceedings Paper

Effect of off-axis illumination on the printability of opaque and transparent reticle defects
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Paper Abstract

The effect of transparent and opaque reticle defects is examined with four illumination schemes used to enhance stepper resolution: standard with sigma 0.6, quadrapole, annular, and high coherence, sigma 0.3. It is found that transparent defects have greater printability than opaque defects. This difference in printability is more significant when the defect causes more than a 20% CD loss. In addition, defects centered between geometry defects have greater printability than opaque defects, and quadrapole illumination enhances the printability of defects compared to standard illumination. Process window analysis is used to shot that if both a reticle defect and a reticle CD error occur at the same point, the CD error effects add or subtract depending on their polarity. If +/- 10% CD control is required on 100% of the final gates of a circuit, one can not assign all 10% just to reticle defects. It is necessary to allow greater than +/- 10% variation on the wafer, or to allow less than 10% variation from reticle defects.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 July 1995
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 2512, Photomask and X-Ray Mask Technology II, (3 July 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.212808
Show Author Affiliations
James N. Wiley, KLA Instruments Corp. (United States)
Linard Karklin, LK Consulting (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2512:
Photomask and X-Ray Mask Technology II
Hideo Yoshihara, Editor(s)

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