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Proceedings Paper

Real-time speech gisting for ATC applications
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Paper Abstract

Command and control within the ATC environment remains primarily voice-based. Hence, automatic real time, speaker independent, continuous speech recognition (CSR) has many obvious applications and implied benefits to the ATC community: automated target tagging, aircraft compliance monitoring, controller training, automatic alarm disabling, display management, and many others. However, while current state-of-the-art CSR systems provide upwards of 98% word accuracy in laboratory environments, recent low-intrusion experiments in the ATCT environments demonstrated less than 70% word accuracy in spite of significant investments in recognizer tuning. Acoustic channel irregularities and controller/pilot grammar verities impact current CSR algorithms at their weakest points. It will be shown herein, however, that real time context- and environment-sensitive gisting can provide key command phrase recognition rates of greater than 95% using the same low-intrusion approach. The combination of real time inexact syntactic pattern recognition techniques and a tight integration of CSR, gisting, and ATC database accessor system components is the key to these high phase recognition rates. A system concept for real time gisting in the ATC context is presented herein. After establishing an application context, discussion presents a minimal CSR technology context then focuses on the gisting mechanism, desirable interfaces into the ATCT database environment, and data and control flow within the prototype system. Results of recent tests for a subset of the functionality are presented together with suggestions for further research.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 June 1995
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 2464, Air Traffic Control Technologies, (12 June 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.211486
Show Author Affiliations
Kirk A. Dunkelberger, Magnavox Electronic Systems Co. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2464:
Air Traffic Control Technologies
Robert G. Otto; James Lenz, Editor(s)

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