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Proceedings Paper

Precision position-control of piezoelectric actuators using charge feedback
Author(s): John A. Main; Ephrahim Garcia; David V. Newton
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Paper Abstract

The issue of precision position control is critical if piezoelectric actuator technology is to be applied in increasingly demanding applications. In one particular application, the NASA NAOMI project, piezoelectric actuators have been proposed as the pointing and focusing elements for thousands of small mirror-lenslets because of their fast response time and load- carrying ability. In this application the positions of these actuators must be precisely controlled both statically and dynamically to the nanometer level. This requirement necessitates a careful study of the concept and design of the driving electronics of the system. This paper is focused on finding an appropriate method for driving piezoelectric stack actuators for ultraprecision position and motion control. In this paper the theoretical basis of the electrical control of piezoelectric stack actuators is derived using the fundamental physical laws governing dielectrics and piezoceramics. It is shown that the relationships used for voltage control of piezoelectric actuators result from an approximation of the constitutive equations. An exact input/output relationship for piezoelectric actuators is derived and shows that displacement relies fundamentally on charge, not voltage. Experimental verification was obtained to illustrate the differences between driving piezoactuators with voltage control and charge control.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 May 1995
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 2441, Smart Structures and Materials 1995: Smart Materials, (22 May 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.209814
Show Author Affiliations
John A. Main, Vanderbilt Univ. (United States)
Ephrahim Garcia, Vanderbilt Univ. (United States)
David V. Newton, Garman Systems, Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2441:
Smart Structures and Materials 1995: Smart Materials
A. Peter Jardine, Editor(s)

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