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Proceedings Paper

Assessment of NDE methods for detecting cracks and damage in environmental barrier coated CMC tested under tension
Author(s): Ali Abdul-Aziz; Adam C. Wroblewski; Ramakrishna T. Bhatt; Martha H. Jaskowiak; Daniel Gorican; Richard W. Rauser
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Paper Abstract

For validating physics based analytical models predicting spallation life of environmental barrier coating (EBC) on fiber reinforced ceramic matrix composites, the fracture strength of EBC and kinetics of crack growth in EBC layers need to be experimentally determined under engine operating conditions. In this study, a multi layered barium strontium aluminum silicate (BSAS) based EBC-coated, melt infiltrated silicon carbide fiber reinforced silicon carbide matrix composite (MI SiC/SiC) specimen was tensile tested at room temperature. Multiple tests were performed on a single specimen with increasing predetermined stress levels until final failure. During loading, the damage occurring in the EBC was monitored by digital image correlation (DIC). After unloading from the predetermined stress levels, the specimen was examined by optical microscopy and computed tomography (CT). Results indicate both optical microscopy and CT could not resolve the primary or secondary cracks developed during tensile loading until failure. On the other hand, DIC did show formation of a primary crack at ~ 50% of the ultimate tensile strength and this crack grew with increasing stress and eventually led to final failure of the specimen. Although some secondary cracks were seen in the DIC strain plots prior to final failure, the existence of these cracks were not confirmed by other methods. By using a higher resolution camera, it is possible to improve the capability of DIC in resolving secondary cracks and damage in coated specimen tested at room temperature, but use of DIC at high temperature requires significant development. Based on the current data, it appears that both optical microscopy and CT do not offer any hope for detecting crack initiation or determining crack growth in EBC coated CMC tested at room or high temperatures after the specimen has been unloaded. Other methods such as, thermography and optical/SEM of the polished cross section of EBC coated CMC specimens stressed to predetermined levels and cycled to certain time at a given stress need to be explored.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 March 2015
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 9436, Smart Sensor Phenomena, Technology, Networks, and Systems Integration 2015, 943609 (27 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2087600
Show Author Affiliations
Ali Abdul-Aziz, NASA Glenn Research Ctr. (United States)
Adam C. Wroblewski, NASA Glenn Research Ctr. (United States)
Ramakrishna T. Bhatt, NASA Glenn Research Ctr. (United States)
Martha H. Jaskowiak, NASA Glenn Research Ctr. (United States)
Daniel Gorican, NASA Glenn Research Ctr. (United States)
Richard W. Rauser, NASA Glenn Research Ctr. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9436:
Smart Sensor Phenomena, Technology, Networks, and Systems Integration 2015
Kara J. Peters, Editor(s)

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