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Proceedings Paper

Structural damage detection for in-service highway bridge under operational and environmental variability
Author(s): Chenhao Jin; Jingcheng Li; Shinae Jang; Xiaorong Sun; Richard Christenson
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Paper Abstract

Structural health monitoring has drawn significant attention in the past decades with numerous methodologies and applications for civil structural systems. Although many researchers have developed analytical and experimental damage detection algorithms through vibration-based methods, these methods are not widely accepted for practical structural systems because of their sensitivity to uncertain environmental and operational conditions. The primary environmental factor that influences the structural modal properties is temperature. The goal of this article is to analyze the natural frequency-temperature relationships and detect structural damage in the presence of operational and environmental variations using modal-based method. For this purpose, correlations between natural frequency and temperature are analyzed to select proper independent variables and inputs for the multiple linear regression model and neural network model. In order to capture the changes of natural frequency, confidence intervals to detect the damages for both models are generated. A long-term structural health monitoring system was installed on an in-service highway bridge located in Meriden, Connecticut to obtain vibration and environmental data. Experimental testing results show that the variability of measured natural frequencies due to temperature is captured, and the temperature-induced changes in natural frequencies have been considered prior to the establishment of the threshold in the damage warning system. This novel approach is applicable for structural health monitoring system and helpful to assess the performance of the structure for bridge management and maintenance.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 March 2015
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 9435, Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2015, 94353A (27 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2084384
Show Author Affiliations
Chenhao Jin, Univ. of Connecticut (United States)
Jingcheng Li, Univ. of Connecticut (United States)
Shinae Jang, Univ. of Connecticut (United States)
Xiaorong Sun, Univ. of Connecticut (United States)
Richard Christenson, Univ. of Connecticut (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9435:
Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2015
Jerome P. Lynch, Editor(s)

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